Parent-Provider Communication and Antibiotic Prescribing for Pediatric Ear Infections

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Rising rates of antibiotic-resistant infections make reducing unnecessary antibiotic use for outpatient illness a key public health issue. This study examines the association between parent-provider communication and rates of antibiotic prescribing for their children’s ear infections. Participants (N = 70) were recruited from parents of patients (6 months–12 years) at a medical center whose children were diagnosed with ear infections or had ear symptoms with an upper respiratory tract diagnosis. Results showed that parent self-reports of going into great detail and asking many questions about their children’s symptoms were associated with greater antibiotic prescribing, as was not insisting on a particular test or treatment. Further, antibiotic prescribing was less likely when parents reported that providers encouraged them to offer opinions about the child’s medical treatment. Findings suggest that communication skills training is needed for both patients and providers to minimize potential misinterpretations and thereby avoid unnecessary antibiotic prescribing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-178
Number of pages9
JournalCommunication Research Reports
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2019

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Pediatrics
Antibiotics
parents
communication
Communication
physician's care
communication skills
illness
public health
Public health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Communication

Cite this

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title = "Parent-Provider Communication and Antibiotic Prescribing for Pediatric Ear Infections",
abstract = "Rising rates of antibiotic-resistant infections make reducing unnecessary antibiotic use for outpatient illness a key public health issue. This study examines the association between parent-provider communication and rates of antibiotic prescribing for their children’s ear infections. Participants (N = 70) were recruited from parents of patients (6 months–12 years) at a medical center whose children were diagnosed with ear infections or had ear symptoms with an upper respiratory tract diagnosis. Results showed that parent self-reports of going into great detail and asking many questions about their children’s symptoms were associated with greater antibiotic prescribing, as was not insisting on a particular test or treatment. Further, antibiotic prescribing was less likely when parents reported that providers encouraged them to offer opinions about the child’s medical treatment. Findings suggest that communication skills training is needed for both patients and providers to minimize potential misinterpretations and thereby avoid unnecessary antibiotic prescribing.",
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Parent-Provider Communication and Antibiotic Prescribing for Pediatric Ear Infections. / Zhou, Yanmengqian; Macgeorge, Erina Lynne; Hackman, Nicole.

In: Communication Research Reports, Vol. 36, No. 2, 15.03.2019, p. 170-178.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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