Parental criticism is an environmental influence on adolescent somatic symptoms

Briana N. Horwitz, Kristine Marceau, Jurgita Narusyte, Jody Ganiban, Erica L. Spotts, David Reiss, Paul Lichtenstein, Jenae M. Neiderhiser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that parental criticism leads to more somatic symptoms in adolescent children. However, this research has not assessed the direction of causation or whether genetic and/or environmental influences explain the association between parental criticism and adolescent somatic symptoms. As such, it is impossible to understand the mechanisms that underlie this association. The current study uses the Extended Children of Twins design to examine whether parents' genes, adolescents' genes, and/or environmental factors explain the relationship between parental criticism and adolescent somatic symptoms. Participants came from 2 twin samples, including the Twin and Offspring Study in Sweden (N = 868 pairs of adult twins and each twin's adolescent child) and from the Twin Study of Child and Adolescent Development (N = 690 pairs of twin children and their parents). Findings showed that environmental influences account for the association between parental criticism and adolescent somatic symptoms. This suggests that parents' critical behaviors exert a direct environmental effect on somatic symptoms in adolescent children. Results support the use of intervention programs focused on parental criticism to help reduce adolescents' somatic symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-289
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)

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