Background: Partial left ventriculectomy (PLV) has been performed without standardized inclusion or exclusion criteria. Methods: An international registry of PLV was expanded, updated, and refined to include 287 nonischemic cases voluntarily reported from 48 hospitals in 11 countries. Results: Gender, age, ventricular dimension, etiology, ethnology, myocardial mass, operative variation, presence or absence of mitral regurgitation, and transplant indication had no effects on event-free survival, which was defined as absence of death or ventricular failure that required a ventricular assist device or listing for transplantation. Preoperative patient conditions, such as duration of symptoms (> 9 vs < 3 years; p = 0.001), New York Heart Association (NYHA) class (Class IV vs < Class IV; p = 0.002), depressed contractility (fractional shortening [FS] < 5% vs > 12%; p = 0.001), and refractory decompensation that required emergency procedure (p < 0.001) were associated with reduced event-free survival. Five or more cases in each hospital led to significantly better outcomes than the initial four cases. Rescue procedures for 14 patients nonsignificantly improved patient survival (2-year survival 52%) over event-free survival (2-year survival 48%; p = 0.49), with improved NYHA class among survivors (3.6 to 1.8; p < 0.001). Outcome was better in 1999 than in all series before 1999 (p = 0.02) most likely due to patient selection, which was refined to avoid known risk factors such as reduced proportion of patients in NYHA Class IV, FS < 5%, and hospitals with experience in 10 or less cases. A combination of these risk factors could have stratified 17 high-risk patients with 0% 1-year survival and 26 low-risk patients with 75% 2-year event-free survival. Conclusion: Avoidance of risk factors appears to improve survival and might help stratify high- or low-risk patients. Although less symptomatic patients with preserved contractility had better results after PLV, change of indication requires prospective randomized comparison with medical therapies or other approaches.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of Cardiac Surgery|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine