Particle and fiber exposures during processing of hybrid carbon-nanotube advanced composites

Brian L. Wardle, Dhimiter Bello, Kwangseog Ahn, Namiko Yamamoto, Roberto Guzman DeVilloria, Marilyn Hallock, Enrique J. Garcia, A. John Hart

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Particle and fiber exposures, especially those at the nanoscale with as yet unknown toxicological effects, are a major concern in any manufacturing environment. In this study, airborne exposures to nano- and micro-scale particles and fibers generated during CNT synthesis, handling, and abrasive machining of advanced laminated composites containing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are studied. Particle release during wet and dry machining is studied for two three-phase nanoengineered advanced composite systems comprised of micron-diameter advanced fibers and nanometer-diameter CNTs embedded in thermoset polymer matrices. CNTs in the study have high aspect ratio being ∼10 nm in diameter and range in length from 50-100 microns. Exposures were monitored with a suite of complementary instruments, including real time particle number concentration and size distribution. Transmission electron microscopy with EDX is utilized to characterize morphology and elemental composition of particles, fibers and CNTs. CNTs, either individual or in bundles, were not observed in collected samples including during abrasive machining. However, significant amounts of particles as well as nanoscale and respirable fibers were generated in such processes as expected. The common practice of wet cutting was shown to be highly effective in keeping overall exposures consistently at background levels. Further investigation is required to determine the effects of numerous variables on particle release including specimen and tool geometry, CNT synthesis variables, cutting rates, and polymer systems and processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials
Subtitle of host publicationWorking Smarter Together, SAMPE '08
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008
Event2008 SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08 - Memphis, TN, United States
Duration: Sep 8 2008Sep 11 2008

Publication series

NameInternational SAMPE Technical Conference

Other

Other2008 SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08
CountryUnited States
CityMemphis, TN
Period9/8/089/11/08

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes
Fibers
Composite materials
Processing
Machining
Abrasives
Thermosets
Laminated composites
Polymer matrix
Large scale systems
Aspect ratio
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Polymers
Transmission electron microscopy
Geometry
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Wardle, B. L., Bello, D., Ahn, K., Yamamoto, N., Guzman DeVilloria, R., Hallock, M., ... Hart, A. J. (2008). Particle and fiber exposures during processing of hybrid carbon-nanotube advanced composites. In SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08 (International SAMPE Technical Conference).
Wardle, Brian L. ; Bello, Dhimiter ; Ahn, Kwangseog ; Yamamoto, Namiko ; Guzman DeVilloria, Roberto ; Hallock, Marilyn ; Garcia, Enrique J. ; Hart, A. John. / Particle and fiber exposures during processing of hybrid carbon-nanotube advanced composites. SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08. 2008. (International SAMPE Technical Conference).
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title = "Particle and fiber exposures during processing of hybrid carbon-nanotube advanced composites",
abstract = "Particle and fiber exposures, especially those at the nanoscale with as yet unknown toxicological effects, are a major concern in any manufacturing environment. In this study, airborne exposures to nano- and micro-scale particles and fibers generated during CNT synthesis, handling, and abrasive machining of advanced laminated composites containing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are studied. Particle release during wet and dry machining is studied for two three-phase nanoengineered advanced composite systems comprised of micron-diameter advanced fibers and nanometer-diameter CNTs embedded in thermoset polymer matrices. CNTs in the study have high aspect ratio being ∼10 nm in diameter and range in length from 50-100 microns. Exposures were monitored with a suite of complementary instruments, including real time particle number concentration and size distribution. Transmission electron microscopy with EDX is utilized to characterize morphology and elemental composition of particles, fibers and CNTs. CNTs, either individual or in bundles, were not observed in collected samples including during abrasive machining. However, significant amounts of particles as well as nanoscale and respirable fibers were generated in such processes as expected. The common practice of wet cutting was shown to be highly effective in keeping overall exposures consistently at background levels. Further investigation is required to determine the effects of numerous variables on particle release including specimen and tool geometry, CNT synthesis variables, cutting rates, and polymer systems and processes.",
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Wardle, BL, Bello, D, Ahn, K, Yamamoto, N, Guzman DeVilloria, R, Hallock, M, Garcia, EJ & Hart, AJ 2008, Particle and fiber exposures during processing of hybrid carbon-nanotube advanced composites. in SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08. International SAMPE Technical Conference, 2008 SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08, Memphis, TN, United States, 9/8/08.

Particle and fiber exposures during processing of hybrid carbon-nanotube advanced composites. / Wardle, Brian L.; Bello, Dhimiter; Ahn, Kwangseog; Yamamoto, Namiko; Guzman DeVilloria, Roberto; Hallock, Marilyn; Garcia, Enrique J.; Hart, A. John.

SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08. 2008. (International SAMPE Technical Conference).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Particle and fiber exposures during processing of hybrid carbon-nanotube advanced composites

AU - Wardle, Brian L.

AU - Bello, Dhimiter

AU - Ahn, Kwangseog

AU - Yamamoto, Namiko

AU - Guzman DeVilloria, Roberto

AU - Hallock, Marilyn

AU - Garcia, Enrique J.

AU - Hart, A. John

PY - 2008/12/1

Y1 - 2008/12/1

N2 - Particle and fiber exposures, especially those at the nanoscale with as yet unknown toxicological effects, are a major concern in any manufacturing environment. In this study, airborne exposures to nano- and micro-scale particles and fibers generated during CNT synthesis, handling, and abrasive machining of advanced laminated composites containing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are studied. Particle release during wet and dry machining is studied for two three-phase nanoengineered advanced composite systems comprised of micron-diameter advanced fibers and nanometer-diameter CNTs embedded in thermoset polymer matrices. CNTs in the study have high aspect ratio being ∼10 nm in diameter and range in length from 50-100 microns. Exposures were monitored with a suite of complementary instruments, including real time particle number concentration and size distribution. Transmission electron microscopy with EDX is utilized to characterize morphology and elemental composition of particles, fibers and CNTs. CNTs, either individual or in bundles, were not observed in collected samples including during abrasive machining. However, significant amounts of particles as well as nanoscale and respirable fibers were generated in such processes as expected. The common practice of wet cutting was shown to be highly effective in keeping overall exposures consistently at background levels. Further investigation is required to determine the effects of numerous variables on particle release including specimen and tool geometry, CNT synthesis variables, cutting rates, and polymer systems and processes.

AB - Particle and fiber exposures, especially those at the nanoscale with as yet unknown toxicological effects, are a major concern in any manufacturing environment. In this study, airborne exposures to nano- and micro-scale particles and fibers generated during CNT synthesis, handling, and abrasive machining of advanced laminated composites containing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are studied. Particle release during wet and dry machining is studied for two three-phase nanoengineered advanced composite systems comprised of micron-diameter advanced fibers and nanometer-diameter CNTs embedded in thermoset polymer matrices. CNTs in the study have high aspect ratio being ∼10 nm in diameter and range in length from 50-100 microns. Exposures were monitored with a suite of complementary instruments, including real time particle number concentration and size distribution. Transmission electron microscopy with EDX is utilized to characterize morphology and elemental composition of particles, fibers and CNTs. CNTs, either individual or in bundles, were not observed in collected samples including during abrasive machining. However, significant amounts of particles as well as nanoscale and respirable fibers were generated in such processes as expected. The common practice of wet cutting was shown to be highly effective in keeping overall exposures consistently at background levels. Further investigation is required to determine the effects of numerous variables on particle release including specimen and tool geometry, CNT synthesis variables, cutting rates, and polymer systems and processes.

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M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9781934551042

T3 - International SAMPE Technical Conference

BT - SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials

ER -

Wardle BL, Bello D, Ahn K, Yamamoto N, Guzman DeVilloria R, Hallock M et al. Particle and fiber exposures during processing of hybrid carbon-nanotube advanced composites. In SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08. 2008. (International SAMPE Technical Conference).