Particle swarm optimization versus genetic algorithms for phased array synthesis

Daniel W. Boeringer, Douglas H. Werner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

779 Scopus citations


Particle swarm optimization is a recently invented high-performance optimizer that is very easy to understand and implement. It is similar in some ways to genetic algorithms or evolutionary algorithms, but requires less computational bookkeeping and generally only a few lines of code. In this paper, a particle swarm optimizer is implemented and compared to a genetic algorithm for phased array synthesis of a far-field sidelobe notch, using amplitude-only, phase-only, and complex tapering. The results show that some optimization scenarios are better suited to one method versus the other (i.e., particle swarm optimization performs better in some cases while genetic algorithms perform better in others), which implies that the two methods traverse the problem hyperspace differently. The particle swarm optimizer shares the ability of the genetic algorithm to handle arbitrary nonlinear cost functions, but with a much simpler implementation it clearly demonstrates good possibilities for widespread use in electromagnetic optimization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)771-779
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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