Three-dimensional measurements of the mean velocity field have been made in a square-cross-sectional, strongly curved, 90 deg turbulent duct flow. The mean radius to duct width ratio was 2.3. The study was performed as part of an overall investigation of the physics of endwall convective heat transfer. All three components of the velocity vector and the static and total pressure fields were measured using a fivehole probe at four duct cross sections: inlet, 0, 45, and 90 deg. Preliminary turbulence measurements using a single sensor hot wire at the inlet cross section were also obtained to provide streamwise fluctuation levels through the boundary layer. The endwall heat transfer coefficient distribution was determined using a steady-state measurement technique and liquid crystal thermography. A high-resolution heat transfer map of the endwall surface from far upstream of the curve through the 90 deg cross section is presented. The three-dimensional velocity field measurements indicate that a highly symmetric, strong secondary flow develops in the duct with a significant transfer of streamwise momentum to the transverse directions. The crossstream vorticity components within the measurement plane were estimated using the five-hole probe data and an inviscidform of the incompressible momentum equation. The development of the total and static pressure fields, the three-dimensional mean velocity field, and all three components of the vorticity field are discussed. The endwall heat transfer distribution is interpreted with respect to the measured mean flow quantities.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanical Engineering