Objective: Whether pathologic stage at radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) can serve as an appropriate surrogate for oncologic outcomes in patients with high-grade (HG) upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is not defined. We sought to determine whether patients who achieve pathologically non-muscle-invasive (ypT0, ypTa, ypT1, ypTis) HG UTUC after receipt of NAC exhibit oncologic outcomes comparable to those who are inherently low stage without chemotherapy. Methods: We identified 647 UTUC patients who underwent RNU among 3 institutions from 1993to2016. Patients with low or unknown grade, pathologic muscle invasion, or receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy were excluded. We compared clinicopathologic data and oncologic outcomes between pT0-1 and ypT0-1 patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to assess overall (OS), cancer-specific (CSS), and systemic recurrence-free (RFS) survival. Predictors of these endpoints were identified using Cox regression. Results: 234 (43 ypT0-1, 191 pT0-1) patients with HG UTUC were included. Two patients exhibited pathologic complete response after NAC. OS (P = 0.055), CSS (P = 0.152), and RFS (P = 0.098) were similar between ypT0-1 and pT0-1 patients. Predictors of worse outcomes included African-American race (RFS, CSS, and OS), Charlson score (OS), and systemic recurrence (OS and CSS). Conclusions: Patients with HG UTUC who achieve ypT0-1 stage after NAC exhibit favorable oncologic outcomes comparable to those inherently non-muscle-invasive who do not receive chemotherapy. Improvements in clinical staging will play an important role in better defining candidacy for NAC in treating HG UTUC while minimizing overtreatment. Furthermore, pathologic stage may serve as an appropriate early surrogate for oncologic endpoints in designing clinical trials.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations|
|State||Published - Dec 2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes