Pathological Narcissism and Acute Anxiety Symptoms After Trauma: A Study of Israeli Civilians Exposed to War?

Avi Besser, Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Aaron L. Pincus, Yuval Neria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Diathesis-stress models of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) hypothesize that exposure to trauma may interact with individual differences in the development of PTSD. Previous studies have not assessed immediate responses to a proximate stressor, but the current “natural laboratory” study was designed to empirically test the role that individual differences in pathological narcissism may play in the development of acute anxiety symptoms among civilians facing rocket and missile fire. Method: We assessed demographic features, trauma exposure severity, narcissistic personality features, and acute anxiety symptoms (PTSD and General Anxiety Disorder [GAD]) among 342 Israeli female adults during the November 2012 eruption of violence in the Middle East. Results: Results demonstrate an association between exposure severity and acute anxiety symptoms (both PTSD and GAD) for individuals with high levels of pathological narcissism but not for those with low levels of pathological narcissism. These results suggest that individuals with narcissistic personality features are at high risk for the development of acute anxiety symptoms following exposure to uncontrollable and life-threatening mass trauma. Conclusion: The findings underscore the role of intra-personal resources in the immediate psychological aftermath of war by highlighting the increased risk associated with narcissistic personality features. Theoretical and clinical implications of the findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-397
Number of pages17
JournalPsychiatry (New York)
Volume76
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

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Narcissism
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Anxiety
Personality
Wounds and Injuries
Anxiety Disorders
Individuality
Middle East
Disease Susceptibility
Violence
Demography
Psychology
Warfare

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

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title = "Pathological Narcissism and Acute Anxiety Symptoms After Trauma: A Study of Israeli Civilians Exposed to War?",
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Pathological Narcissism and Acute Anxiety Symptoms After Trauma : A Study of Israeli Civilians Exposed to War? / Besser, Avi; Zeigler-Hill, Virgil; Pincus, Aaron L.; Neria, Yuval.

In: Psychiatry (New York), Vol. 76, No. 4, 12.2013, p. 381-397.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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