Pathology and FDG PET correlation of residual lymph nodes in head and neck cancer after radiation treatment

Min Yao, Pifu Luo, Henry T. Hoffman, Kristi Chang, Michael M. Graham, Yusuf Menda, Huaming Tan, John M. Buatti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study determines if postradiotherapy [F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) can predict the pathology status of residual cervical lymph nodes in patients undergoing definitive radiotherapy for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: Patients with stage N2 or higher HNSCC underwent PET and CT imaging after definitive radiotherapy. Patients with radiographically persistent lymphadenopathy underwent either neck dissection or fine needle aspiration (FNA) of the lymph nodes under ultrasound guidance. PET scan results were correlated with the pathologic findings of the residual lymphadenopathy. RESULTS: Twenty-four hemi-necks in 23 patients with residual lymphadenopathy had neck dissection or FNA. The pathology correlated strongly with the post-RT FDG PET studies. All patients with a negative post-RT FDG PET and those with a maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of less than 3.0 in the post-RT FDG PET were found to be free from residual viable tumor. Using a SUVmax of less than 3.0 as the criterion for a negative FDG PET study, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 100%, 84.2%, 62.5%, and 100%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A negative post-RT FDG PET is very predictive of negative pathology in the residual lymph node after definitive radiotherapy for advanced HNSCC. A prospective clinical trial is warranted to determine if neck dissection can be withheld in these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264-270
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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