The authors investigated patterns and correlates of multiple cancer risk factors (MCRFs) among adolescents. Baseline data from an intervention efficacy trial were analyzed to examine patterns of co-occurring MCRFs and sociodemographic and theoretical (e.g. prevention self-efficacy) correlates of MCRFs among adolescents (N= 50) aged 13-21 years. The mean total MCRFs was 4.6 (SD = 1.6; range = 0-9). The most common risk factors were intentions to use alcohol (n= 40, 80%), <5 daily servings of fruits/vegetables (n= 40, 80%), and lifetime alcohol use (n = 38, 76%). MCRFs commonly co-occurred, suggesting a clustered risk profile. Higher age (B = 0.19, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.01, 0.38) and lower prevention self-efficacy (B = -0.16, 95% CI: -0.30, -0.02) were significantly (p < 0.05) associated with MCRFs. Multiple health behavior change interventions are needed to prevent accumulation of risk factors as youth mature. Self-efficacy may be an important target for prevention interventions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health