Patterns of care, utilization, and predictors of adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) for phyllodes tumors of the breast were retrospectively analyzed using the National Cancer Database. We identified 3080 patients; 53.4% received lumpectomy and 35.9% mastectomy. 25.9% of patients had lymph node sampling or dissection. 23.2% received adjuvant RT, which doubled in utilization over a decade. Predictors of RT were younger age, fewer comorbidities, less favorable pathologic features, and treatment at academic centers. There was no association between RT and overall survival (AHR 1.21, 95% CI 0.97-1.53, P =.097). Despite national guidelines recommending against nodal sampling or RT, it remains prevalent. Further research on indications for adjuvant radiation for phyllodes is needed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine