Fine scale lead zirconate titanate (PZT) and niobium substituted PZT (Nb-PZT) piezoelectric fibers were fabricated from solgel processed viscous “sol” using the “spinning” methodology developed for the continuous production of glass fibers. Subsequent drying and firing at above 750°C gave pure perovskite PZT and Nb-PZT fibers of 30 μm in average diameter. Further densification and grain growth were evident for fibers fired at 1250°C. Experimental methods for the determination of dielectric and polarization properties were developed to overcome inherent electric field difficulty relevant to fine scale fibers. The dielectric constant and polarization hysteresis values of the fibers were comparable with that of bulk ceramics. Preliminary single fiber mechanical pull tests indicated that the tensile strength of 30 (J.m diameter PZT fibers were similar to that of bulk ceramics, being in the range of 35-55 MPa.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics