Inheritance requires genome duplication, reproduction of chromatin and its epigenetic information, mechanisms to ensure genome integrity, and faithful transmission of the information to progeny. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-a cofactor of DNA polymerases that encircles DNA-orchestrates several of these functions by recruiting crucial players to the replication fork. Remarkably, many factors that are involved in replication-linked processes interact with a particular face of PCNA and through the same interaction domain, indicating that these interactions do not occur simultaneously during replication. Switching of PCNA partners may be triggered by affinity-driven competition, phosphorylation, proteolysis, and modification of PCNA by ubiquitin and SUMO.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)