Pcr-based strategies used for tile identification ant) differentiation of typical strains of erwinia amylovora

E. W. Brown, R. M. Davis, T. Van Der Zwet

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several methods are currently available for the identification and differentiation of Erwinia arnylovora, the bacterium which causes fire blight. Historically, many laboratories have relied upon diagnostic medias or subtle differences in nutritional requirements to identify and distinguish plant pathogenic bacterial species. However, diagnostic protocols exploiting recent advances in molecular biology have become readily available to the phytobacteriologist. Specifically, the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) affords a rapid and reliable approach to identify and differentiate strains of E. amylovora as they are isolated from novel fire blight outbreaks. Three techniques, in particular, have been developed either specifically for use with E. amylovora or have been applied to the fire blight bacterium after being used to characterize other veterinary or medically significant prokaryotic systems. These techniques have been designated as follows: i) pEA29 PCR, ii) 'ribotyping', and iii) REP PCR. Below, we discuss the backgrounds associated with these rapid molecular genetic techniques and present detailed protocols for the three techniques in a single unifying format.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationVIII International Workshop on Fire Blight
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages159-163
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9789066059214
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume489
ISSN (Print)0567-7572

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

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