(Chemical Equation Presented) When the counterion counts: The yield and selectivity of the title transformation of benzoic acid derivatives were improved greatly by using tetraalkyl ammonium salts as additives (see scheme; monoselectivity: 5:1-18:1). These effects are attributed to the influence of counter cations. The halogenated products are versatile intermediates for the construction of substituted aromatic compounds. DMF=N,N-dimethylformamide.
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