Objective: To determine the specific effect of peak volume history pressure on the inflation limb of the pressure-volume curve and peak pressure-volume curve pressure on the deflation limb of the pressure-volume curve. Design: Prospective assessment of pressure-volume curves in saline, lung lavage injured sheep. Setting: Large animal laboratory of a university-affiliated hospital. Subjects: Eight female Dorset sheep. Interventions: The effect of two volume history pressures (40 and 60 cm H2O) and three pressure-volume curve peak pressures (40, 50, and 60 cm H2O) were randomly compared. Measurements and Main Results: Peak volume history pressure affected the inflation curve beyond the lower inflection point but did not affect the inflection point (Pflex). Peak pressure-volume curve pressure affected the deflation curve. Increased peak volume history pressuro increased inflation compliance (p < .05). Increased peak pressure-volume curve pressure increased the point of maximum compliance change on the deflation limb and deflation compliance and decreased compliance between peak pressure and the point of maximum curvature on the deflation limb (p < .05). Conclusion: Peak volume history pressure must be considered when interpreting the inflation limb of the pressure-volume curve of the respiratory system beyond the inflection point. The peak pressure achieved during the pressure-volume curve is important during interpretation of deflation compliance and the point of maximum compliance change on the deflation limb.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Critical care medicine|
|State||Published - Jun 1 2004|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine