Pedestrian environment and behavior in Karachi, Pakistan

Faraz M. Khan, Munima Nasir, Habib Chotani, Stephen Luby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pedestrian road traffic accidents (RTAs) are responsible for a substantial number of injuries and deaths in Karachi. To better understand the situations facing pedestrians we selected ten of Karachi's highest risk locations for pedestrian RTAs and observed 250 pedestrians for each of three activities - crossing the street, walking on the street, and walking on the sidewalk. We also observed the extent and effect of street and sidewalk encroachments. A total of 35% of the pedestrians crossing the street caused traffic to swerve to avoid them. Pedestrians crossing one lane at a time were 2.9 times more likely to cause the traffic to swerve than pedestrians who crossed the whole street at once (53 vs. 18%, RR=2.9, 95% CI=1.9-4.3). Pedestrians crossing in a group were 1.8 times more likely to cause traffic to swerve compared to those crossing singly (49 vs. 28%, RR=1.8, 95% CI=1.3-2.5, P=0.001). A total of 36% ran while crossing and were 1.8 times more likely to cause traffic to swerve than those who walked (48 vs. 27%, RR=1.8, 95% CI=1.3-2.5). An average of 77% of the sidewalk width was blocked by encroachments which forced pedestrians to step on the road resulting in vehicles swerving. An average 33% of the street width was blocked by illegally parked vehicles. Pedestrians in Karachi indulge in risky behaviors. Encroachments on streets and sidewalks compound the problem. Piloting efforts to modify pedestrian behavior and the environment they negotiate should be considered to reduce pedestrian deaths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-339
Number of pages5
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Fingerprint

Pakistan
pedestrian
Highway accidents
Crosswalks
traffic
Traffic Accidents
traffic accident
road traffic
Walking
cause
Pedestrians
death
road

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Law

Cite this

Khan, Faraz M. ; Nasir, Munima ; Chotani, Habib ; Luby, Stephen. / Pedestrian environment and behavior in Karachi, Pakistan. In: Accident Analysis and Prevention. 1999 ; Vol. 31, No. 4. pp. 335-339.
@article{d98650f3f57941ada8f5e7b48c04a5ea,
title = "Pedestrian environment and behavior in Karachi, Pakistan",
abstract = "Pedestrian road traffic accidents (RTAs) are responsible for a substantial number of injuries and deaths in Karachi. To better understand the situations facing pedestrians we selected ten of Karachi's highest risk locations for pedestrian RTAs and observed 250 pedestrians for each of three activities - crossing the street, walking on the street, and walking on the sidewalk. We also observed the extent and effect of street and sidewalk encroachments. A total of 35{\%} of the pedestrians crossing the street caused traffic to swerve to avoid them. Pedestrians crossing one lane at a time were 2.9 times more likely to cause the traffic to swerve than pedestrians who crossed the whole street at once (53 vs. 18{\%}, RR=2.9, 95{\%} CI=1.9-4.3). Pedestrians crossing in a group were 1.8 times more likely to cause traffic to swerve compared to those crossing singly (49 vs. 28{\%}, RR=1.8, 95{\%} CI=1.3-2.5, P=0.001). A total of 36{\%} ran while crossing and were 1.8 times more likely to cause traffic to swerve than those who walked (48 vs. 27{\%}, RR=1.8, 95{\%} CI=1.3-2.5). An average of 77{\%} of the sidewalk width was blocked by encroachments which forced pedestrians to step on the road resulting in vehicles swerving. An average 33{\%} of the street width was blocked by illegally parked vehicles. Pedestrians in Karachi indulge in risky behaviors. Encroachments on streets and sidewalks compound the problem. Piloting efforts to modify pedestrian behavior and the environment they negotiate should be considered to reduce pedestrian deaths.",
author = "Khan, {Faraz M.} and Munima Nasir and Habib Chotani and Stephen Luby",
year = "1999",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0001-4575(98)00075-X",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "335--339",
journal = "Accident Analysis and Prevention",
issn = "0001-4575",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "4",

}

Pedestrian environment and behavior in Karachi, Pakistan. / Khan, Faraz M.; Nasir, Munima; Chotani, Habib; Luby, Stephen.

In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 31, No. 4, 01.01.1999, p. 335-339.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pedestrian environment and behavior in Karachi, Pakistan

AU - Khan, Faraz M.

AU - Nasir, Munima

AU - Chotani, Habib

AU - Luby, Stephen

PY - 1999/1/1

Y1 - 1999/1/1

N2 - Pedestrian road traffic accidents (RTAs) are responsible for a substantial number of injuries and deaths in Karachi. To better understand the situations facing pedestrians we selected ten of Karachi's highest risk locations for pedestrian RTAs and observed 250 pedestrians for each of three activities - crossing the street, walking on the street, and walking on the sidewalk. We also observed the extent and effect of street and sidewalk encroachments. A total of 35% of the pedestrians crossing the street caused traffic to swerve to avoid them. Pedestrians crossing one lane at a time were 2.9 times more likely to cause the traffic to swerve than pedestrians who crossed the whole street at once (53 vs. 18%, RR=2.9, 95% CI=1.9-4.3). Pedestrians crossing in a group were 1.8 times more likely to cause traffic to swerve compared to those crossing singly (49 vs. 28%, RR=1.8, 95% CI=1.3-2.5, P=0.001). A total of 36% ran while crossing and were 1.8 times more likely to cause traffic to swerve than those who walked (48 vs. 27%, RR=1.8, 95% CI=1.3-2.5). An average of 77% of the sidewalk width was blocked by encroachments which forced pedestrians to step on the road resulting in vehicles swerving. An average 33% of the street width was blocked by illegally parked vehicles. Pedestrians in Karachi indulge in risky behaviors. Encroachments on streets and sidewalks compound the problem. Piloting efforts to modify pedestrian behavior and the environment they negotiate should be considered to reduce pedestrian deaths.

AB - Pedestrian road traffic accidents (RTAs) are responsible for a substantial number of injuries and deaths in Karachi. To better understand the situations facing pedestrians we selected ten of Karachi's highest risk locations for pedestrian RTAs and observed 250 pedestrians for each of three activities - crossing the street, walking on the street, and walking on the sidewalk. We also observed the extent and effect of street and sidewalk encroachments. A total of 35% of the pedestrians crossing the street caused traffic to swerve to avoid them. Pedestrians crossing one lane at a time were 2.9 times more likely to cause the traffic to swerve than pedestrians who crossed the whole street at once (53 vs. 18%, RR=2.9, 95% CI=1.9-4.3). Pedestrians crossing in a group were 1.8 times more likely to cause traffic to swerve compared to those crossing singly (49 vs. 28%, RR=1.8, 95% CI=1.3-2.5, P=0.001). A total of 36% ran while crossing and were 1.8 times more likely to cause traffic to swerve than those who walked (48 vs. 27%, RR=1.8, 95% CI=1.3-2.5). An average of 77% of the sidewalk width was blocked by encroachments which forced pedestrians to step on the road resulting in vehicles swerving. An average 33% of the street width was blocked by illegally parked vehicles. Pedestrians in Karachi indulge in risky behaviors. Encroachments on streets and sidewalks compound the problem. Piloting efforts to modify pedestrian behavior and the environment they negotiate should be considered to reduce pedestrian deaths.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033159746&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033159746&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0001-4575(98)00075-X

DO - 10.1016/S0001-4575(98)00075-X

M3 - Article

VL - 31

SP - 335

EP - 339

JO - Accident Analysis and Prevention

JF - Accident Analysis and Prevention

SN - 0001-4575

IS - 4

ER -