We examined how pigment epithelium derived factor (PEDF), an effective endogenous antiangiogenic protein, decreases survival of primary cultures of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in a low serum environment supplemented with the endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF). We provide evidence that induction of apoptosis by PEDF is associated with activation of p38 followed by cleavage of caspases 3, 8, and 9 by treatment with PEDF, and PEDF's actions are caspase dependent. A key mediator in the executioner effects of PEDF is p38 since the inhibition of p38 activity blocked apoptosis and prevented cleavage of caspases 3, 8, and 9. Although PEDF-induced phosphorylation of JNK1, the inhibition of JNK1 had no effect on apoptosis, even though it prevented phosphorylation of JNK1 by PEDF. Based on these findings, we propose that the antiangiogenic action of PEDF is dependent on activation of p38 MAPkinase which regulates cleavage of multiple caspases cascades.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Oct 6 2006|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology