Peers and the emergence of alcohol use: Influence and selection processes in adolescent friendship networks

D. Wayne Osgood, Daniel T. Ragan, Lacey Wallace, Scott D. Gest, Mark E. Feinberg, James Moody

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

124 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study addresses not only influence and selection of friends as sources of similarity in alcohol use, but also peer processes leading drinkers to be chosen as friends more often than nondrinkers, which increases the number of adolescents subject to their influence. Analyses apply a stochastic actor-based model to friendship networks assessed five times from 6th through 9th grades for 50 grade cohort networks in Iowa and Pennsylvania, which include 13,214 individuals. Results show definite influence and selection for similarity in alcohol use, as well as reciprocal influences between drinking and frequently being chosen as a friend. These findings suggest that adolescents view alcohol use as an attractive, high-status activity and that friendships expose adolescents to opportunities for drinking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)500-512
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Research on Adolescence
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cultural Studies
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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