Pennsylvania statewide synergistic sweet corn cultivar evaluation

Thomas M. Butzler, Elsa Selina Sanchez, Steven M. Bogash, Timothy E. Elkner, William James Lamont, Jr., Robert Pollock, Lee J. Stivers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To provide growers with regional and statewide recommendations, 23 cultivars of bicolor and white synergistic sweet corn (Zea mays) were evaluated in southwestern, central, and southeastern Pennsylvania. ‘Temptation’ was the standard. Despite differing production practices used in all locations, all cultivars were not different or produced more marketable primary ears compared with Temptation. Paydirt was the only cultivar to produce lower marketable yields by weight than Temptation in 2 site years or more. However, ‘Paydirt’ has an early maturity, which improves its acceptability. Very few ears were unmarketable. In terms of ear size, measured as diameter and length, overall all cultivars were not different from Temptation. ‘Temptation’ is early maturing and ear size was expected to be smaller than later maturing cultivars. This was not observed. Ease of hand harvesting was determined by measuring two factors: distance from the base of the primary ear to the soil line and ease of picking (1–5 rating scale where 1 = difficult and 5 = easy). The closer the primary ear was to the soil line was thought to be more difficult to harvest. ‘Synergy’, ‘Espresso’, ‘Kristine’, and ‘Paydirt’ ears were lower than ‘Temptation’ on the culm in 2 site years or more. ‘Whiteout’, ‘Synergy’, and ‘Mattapoisett’ were rated as more difficult to pick than ‘Temptation’ in 2 site years or more. Distance from the soil line to the primary ear and picking ease ratings were not observed to be closely related to each other and a combination of these and other factors may more accurately reflect the ease of hand harvesting. Overall, growers in our region have access to a lot of synergistic sweet corn cultivars with acceptable yield, quality, and ease of hand harvesting characteristics giving them a wide range of options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)687-695
Number of pages9
JournalHortTechnology
Volume25
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

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sweetcorn
ears
cultivars
manual harvesting
growers
soil
rating scales
early development
Zea mays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Butzler, T. M., Sanchez, E. S., Bogash, S. M., Elkner, T. E., Lamont, Jr., W. J., Pollock, R., & Stivers, L. J. (2015). Pennsylvania statewide synergistic sweet corn cultivar evaluation. HortTechnology, 25(5), 687-695.
Butzler, Thomas M. ; Sanchez, Elsa Selina ; Bogash, Steven M. ; Elkner, Timothy E. ; Lamont, Jr., William James ; Pollock, Robert ; Stivers, Lee J. / Pennsylvania statewide synergistic sweet corn cultivar evaluation. In: HortTechnology. 2015 ; Vol. 25, No. 5. pp. 687-695.
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Butzler, TM, Sanchez, ES, Bogash, SM, Elkner, TE, Lamont, Jr., WJ, Pollock, R & Stivers, LJ 2015, 'Pennsylvania statewide synergistic sweet corn cultivar evaluation', HortTechnology, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 687-695.

Pennsylvania statewide synergistic sweet corn cultivar evaluation. / Butzler, Thomas M.; Sanchez, Elsa Selina; Bogash, Steven M.; Elkner, Timothy E.; Lamont, Jr., William James; Pollock, Robert; Stivers, Lee J.

In: HortTechnology, Vol. 25, No. 5, 01.10.2015, p. 687-695.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Butzler TM, Sanchez ES, Bogash SM, Elkner TE, Lamont, Jr. WJ, Pollock R et al. Pennsylvania statewide synergistic sweet corn cultivar evaluation. HortTechnology. 2015 Oct 1;25(5):687-695.