Perceptions of smoking prevalence by youth in countries with and without a tobacco advertising ban

Dee Burton, John W. Graham, C. Anderson Johnson, Antti Uutela, Erkki Vartiainen, Raymond F. Palmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined a proposed mechanism by which exposure to cigarette advertising may mediate the subsequent smoking of youth. We hypothesized that children's exposure to cigarette advertising leads them to overestimate the prevalence of smoking, and that these distorted perceptions, in turn, lead to increased intentions to smoke. Children in Finland, where there has been a total tobacco advertising ban since 1978, were compared with children in the United States at a time when tobacco advertising was ubiquitous. Samples of 477 8- to 14-year-old Helsinki students and 453 8- to 14-year-old Los Angeles students whose lifetime cigarette use consisted of no more than a puff of a cigarette were administered questionnaires in their classrooms. The primary hypothesis was confirmed. Los Angeles youth were significantly more likely than Helsinki youth to overestimate the prevalence of adult smoking, in spite of the fact that actual adult smoking prevalence in Helsinki was almost twice that of Los Angeles adults. A similar, significant pattern for perceived peer smoking was obtained, with Los Angeles youth being more likely than Helsinki youth to overestimate prevalence, in spite of the actual greater prevalence of youth smoking in Helsinki.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)656-664
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Health Communication
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

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advertising ban
Tobacco
nicotine
Marketing
smoking
Los Angeles
Smoking
Tobacco Products
Students
Smoke
Finland
student
classroom
questionnaire

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Communication
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Library and Information Sciences

Cite this

Burton, Dee ; Graham, John W. ; Johnson, C. Anderson ; Uutela, Antti ; Vartiainen, Erkki ; Palmer, Raymond F. / Perceptions of smoking prevalence by youth in countries with and without a tobacco advertising ban. In: Journal of Health Communication. 2010 ; Vol. 15, No. 6. pp. 656-664.
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Perceptions of smoking prevalence by youth in countries with and without a tobacco advertising ban. / Burton, Dee; Graham, John W.; Johnson, C. Anderson; Uutela, Antti; Vartiainen, Erkki; Palmer, Raymond F.

In: Journal of Health Communication, Vol. 15, No. 6, 01.09.2010, p. 656-664.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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