Perceptual Mapping of Chemesthetic Stimuli in Naive Assessors

Nadia K. Byrnes, Michael A. Nestrud, John E. Hayes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Chemesthetic compounds, responsible for sensations such as burning, cooling, and astringency, are difficult stimuli to work with, especially when the evaluation task requires retasting. Methods: Here, we developed a protocol by which chemesthetic compounds can be assessed using sorting. We compared the performance of two cohorts of untrained assessors on this task, one with nose clips and the other without. Similarity matrices were analyzed using multidimensional scaling (MDS) to produce perceptual maps for the two cohorts Results: Overall, the groupings from the nose-open cohort tended to follow a biological basis, consistent with previous findings that suggest compounds that activate a common receptor will elicit similar sensations. The nose-open and nose-pinched cohorts generated significantly different maps. The nose-pinched cohort had a higher variance in the MDS solution than the nose-open group. While the nose-open cohort generated seven clusters, the nose-pinched cohort generated only two clusters, seemingly based on the ready identification of chemesthetic sensations or not. There was less consensus regarding the attributes used to describe the samples in the nose-pinched cohort than in the nose-open cohort as well, as this cohort collectively generated more attributes but fewer were significant in regression. Conclusion: Sorting can be used with orally delivered chemesthetic stimuli in naive assessors, and the resulting perceptual maps differ when nose clips are worn.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-32
Number of pages14
JournalChemosensory Perception
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 22 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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