Perceptually induced distortions in cognitive maps

Alexander Klippel, Lothar Knuf, Bernhard Hommel, Christian Freksa

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cities on a map that are directly connected by a route are judged closer than unconnected cities. This route effect has been attributed to memory distortions induced by the integration of map information with high-level knowledge about implications of route connections. However, depicted routes also connect cities visually, thereby creating a single visual object - which implies a perceptual basis of the route effect. In this article we show that the effect does not depend on whether a map is presented as a map or as a meaningless pattern of symbols and lines (Experiment 1), and that the effect occurs even if spatial judgments are made vis-à-vis a permanently visible configuration (Experiment 2). These findings suggest that the distorted spatial representation is a by-product of perceptual organization, not of the integration of abstract knowledge in memory by given organization principles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)204-213
Number of pages10
JournalLecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence (Subseries of Lecture Notes in Computer Science)
Volume3343
StatePublished - Oct 17 2005
EventInternational Conference Spatial Cognition 2004: Spatial Cognition IV - Reasoning, Action, Interaction - Frauenchiemsee, Germany
Duration: Oct 11 2004Oct 13 2004

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Cognitive Map
Data storage equipment
Experiment
Byproducts
Experiments
Imply
Configuration
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Knowledge

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

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Perceptually induced distortions in cognitive maps. / Klippel, Alexander; Knuf, Lothar; Hommel, Bernhard; Freksa, Christian.

In: Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence (Subseries of Lecture Notes in Computer Science), Vol. 3343, 17.10.2005, p. 204-213.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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AU - Klippel, Alexander

AU - Knuf, Lothar

AU - Hommel, Bernhard

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