Perchlorate uptake by organosilicas, organo-clay minerals and composites of rice husk with MCM-48

Moaaz K. Seliem, S. Komarneni, R. Parette, H. Katsuki, F. S. Cannon, M. G. Shahien, A. A. Khalil, I. M.Abd El-Gaid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A variety of oraganosilicas such as MCM-41 and MCM-48 and composites of rice husks with MCM-48 were synthesized under an array of conditions and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). Various MCM-41 mesoporous materials were prepared at room temperature using different surfactants. MCM-48 silica and its composites with rice husks were synthesized under hydrothermal conditions using cetyltrimethylammonium (CTMA) bromide and rice husks. Both untreated and carbonized rice husks were used for preparing composites of rice husk with MCM-48. Organo-clay minerals procured from two commercial sources were also investigated for their perchlorate uptake. Among the MCM-41 materials, the sample prepared from octadecyltrimethylammonium (ODTMA) chloride showed the highest perchlorate uptake capacity of 0.227 ± 0.006. meq/g while MCM-48 showed the highest perchlorate uptake capacity of 0.437 ± 0.011. meq/g among all the oraganosilicas and organo-clay minerals tested here. The uptake of perchlorate by organosilicas and organo-clay minerals is due to residual positive charge on the surfactants located in the mesopores of organosilicas and interlayers of organo-clay minerals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-626
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Clay Science
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011

Fingerprint

organoclay
Organoclay
perchlorate
Multicarrier modulation
Clay minerals
clay mineral
rice
Composite materials
Surface-Active Agents
surfactant
Mesoporous materials
bromide
Silicon Dioxide
X ray powder diffraction
Chlorides
silica
X-ray diffraction
chloride
MCM-41
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Seliem, Moaaz K. ; Komarneni, S. ; Parette, R. ; Katsuki, H. ; Cannon, F. S. ; Shahien, M. G. ; Khalil, A. A. ; El-Gaid, I. M.Abd. / Perchlorate uptake by organosilicas, organo-clay minerals and composites of rice husk with MCM-48. In: Applied Clay Science. 2011 ; Vol. 53, No. 4. pp. 621-626.
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Perchlorate uptake by organosilicas, organo-clay minerals and composites of rice husk with MCM-48. / Seliem, Moaaz K.; Komarneni, S.; Parette, R.; Katsuki, H.; Cannon, F. S.; Shahien, M. G.; Khalil, A. A.; El-Gaid, I. M.Abd.

In: Applied Clay Science, Vol. 53, No. 4, 01.10.2011, p. 621-626.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Perchlorate uptake by organosilicas, organo-clay minerals and composites of rice husk with MCM-48

AU - Seliem, Moaaz K.

AU - Komarneni, S.

AU - Parette, R.

AU - Katsuki, H.

AU - Cannon, F. S.

AU - Shahien, M. G.

AU - Khalil, A. A.

AU - El-Gaid, I. M.Abd

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AB - A variety of oraganosilicas such as MCM-41 and MCM-48 and composites of rice husks with MCM-48 were synthesized under an array of conditions and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). Various MCM-41 mesoporous materials were prepared at room temperature using different surfactants. MCM-48 silica and its composites with rice husks were synthesized under hydrothermal conditions using cetyltrimethylammonium (CTMA) bromide and rice husks. Both untreated and carbonized rice husks were used for preparing composites of rice husk with MCM-48. Organo-clay minerals procured from two commercial sources were also investigated for their perchlorate uptake. Among the MCM-41 materials, the sample prepared from octadecyltrimethylammonium (ODTMA) chloride showed the highest perchlorate uptake capacity of 0.227 ± 0.006. meq/g while MCM-48 showed the highest perchlorate uptake capacity of 0.437 ± 0.011. meq/g among all the oraganosilicas and organo-clay minerals tested here. The uptake of perchlorate by organosilicas and organo-clay minerals is due to residual positive charge on the surfactants located in the mesopores of organosilicas and interlayers of organo-clay minerals.

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