Performance of Cornell-Geneva apple rootstocks with 'Liberty' as the scion in NC-140 trials across North America

T. Robinson, L. Anderson, A. Azarenko, B. Barritt, T. Baugher, G. Brown, G. Couvillon, W. Cowgill, Robert Michael Crassweller, P. Domoto, C. Embree, A. Fennell, E. Garcia, A. Gaus, R. Granger, G. Greene, P. Hirst, E. Hoover, S. Johnson, M. KushadR. Moran, C. Mullins, S. Myers, R. Perry, C. Rom, James Rawlinson Schupp, K. Taylor, M. Warmund, J. Warner, D. Wolfe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In 1992 and 1993 a series of multi-site replicated rootstock trials were established by the US national rootstock testing group, "NC-140," using 'Liberty' as the scion. The trials compared elite Geneva apple rootstocks which were bred for tolerance to fire blight and Phytophthora root rot to commercial standards. The named Geneva rootstocks are designated as Geneva™ or "G" stocks while unnamed numbered selections from Geneva are designated as "CG" stocks. In the 1992 plots among dwarfing rootstocks, 'Geneva™11' ('G.11') and CG.3029 had the highest cumulative yield efficiency, good tree survival and also had good average fruit size. They had similar tree size as 'M.9', but exceeded the yield performance of 'M.9'. 'Geneva™202' ('G.202') had slightly lower yield efficiency than 'G.11' and was similar to 'M.9'. Tree size of 'G.202' was slightly larger than 'M.9'. In contrast, 'Geneva™65' was more dwarfing than 'M.9' and had significantly lower cumulative yield efficiency and smaller fruit size than 'M.9'. Among semi-dwarf stocks, 'Geneva™30', CG.6210, CG.4222, CG.5179 and CG.5517 all exceeded the performance of 'M.7' and 'MM.106'. Among vigorous stocks, CG.6002, CG.6239 and CG.8189 all exceeded the performance of 'MM.111'. 'Novole' was significantly more vigorous than 'MM.111' and less productive. In the 1993 plots, CG.4247, CG.3041, CG.3902 and CG.3007 had the highest yield efficiencies and had good tree survival. All were similar in size to 'M.9', but performed significantly better than 'M.9' or 'M.26'. CG.4247 had smaller fruit size than 'M.9'. 'G.65' again produced a smaller tree and smaller fruit size than 'M.9', but yield efficiency was similar to 'M.9'. 'G.11' performed poorer than 'M.9' or 'M.26' in this plot. Among the semi-dwarf stocks, top performers were 'G.30', CG.6210, CG.4222 and 'G.202'. All performed significantly better than 'M.7'. Among vigorous stocks, top performers were CG.7760, CG.6239, CG.6253, CG.8189 and CG.7707. All performed significantly better than 'MM.111'.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationXXVI International Horticultural Congress
Subtitle of host publicationGenetics and Breeding of Tree Fruis and Nuts
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages521-530
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9789066051898
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 31 2003

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume622
ISSN (Print)0567-7572

Fingerprint

scions
rootstocks
apples
small fruits
dwarfing
tree fruits
Erwinia amylovora
Phytophthora
root rot
breeds
fruits
testing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Robinson, T., Anderson, L., Azarenko, A., Barritt, B., Baugher, T., Brown, G., ... Wolfe, D. (2003). Performance of Cornell-Geneva apple rootstocks with 'Liberty' as the scion in NC-140 trials across North America. In XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Genetics and Breeding of Tree Fruis and Nuts (pp. 521-530). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 622). International Society for Horticultural Science. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2003.622.57
Robinson, T. ; Anderson, L. ; Azarenko, A. ; Barritt, B. ; Baugher, T. ; Brown, G. ; Couvillon, G. ; Cowgill, W. ; Crassweller, Robert Michael ; Domoto, P. ; Embree, C. ; Fennell, A. ; Garcia, E. ; Gaus, A. ; Granger, R. ; Greene, G. ; Hirst, P. ; Hoover, E. ; Johnson, S. ; Kushad, M. ; Moran, R. ; Mullins, C. ; Myers, S. ; Perry, R. ; Rom, C. ; Schupp, James Rawlinson ; Taylor, K. ; Warmund, M. ; Warner, J. ; Wolfe, D. / Performance of Cornell-Geneva apple rootstocks with 'Liberty' as the scion in NC-140 trials across North America. XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Genetics and Breeding of Tree Fruis and Nuts. International Society for Horticultural Science, 2003. pp. 521-530 (Acta Horticulturae).
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title = "Performance of Cornell-Geneva apple rootstocks with 'Liberty' as the scion in NC-140 trials across North America",
abstract = "In 1992 and 1993 a series of multi-site replicated rootstock trials were established by the US national rootstock testing group, {"}NC-140,{"} using 'Liberty' as the scion. The trials compared elite Geneva apple rootstocks which were bred for tolerance to fire blight and Phytophthora root rot to commercial standards. The named Geneva rootstocks are designated as Geneva™ or {"}G{"} stocks while unnamed numbered selections from Geneva are designated as {"}CG{"} stocks. In the 1992 plots among dwarfing rootstocks, 'Geneva™11' ('G.11') and CG.3029 had the highest cumulative yield efficiency, good tree survival and also had good average fruit size. They had similar tree size as 'M.9', but exceeded the yield performance of 'M.9'. 'Geneva™202' ('G.202') had slightly lower yield efficiency than 'G.11' and was similar to 'M.9'. Tree size of 'G.202' was slightly larger than 'M.9'. In contrast, 'Geneva™65' was more dwarfing than 'M.9' and had significantly lower cumulative yield efficiency and smaller fruit size than 'M.9'. Among semi-dwarf stocks, 'Geneva™30', CG.6210, CG.4222, CG.5179 and CG.5517 all exceeded the performance of 'M.7' and 'MM.106'. Among vigorous stocks, CG.6002, CG.6239 and CG.8189 all exceeded the performance of 'MM.111'. 'Novole' was significantly more vigorous than 'MM.111' and less productive. In the 1993 plots, CG.4247, CG.3041, CG.3902 and CG.3007 had the highest yield efficiencies and had good tree survival. All were similar in size to 'M.9', but performed significantly better than 'M.9' or 'M.26'. CG.4247 had smaller fruit size than 'M.9'. 'G.65' again produced a smaller tree and smaller fruit size than 'M.9', but yield efficiency was similar to 'M.9'. 'G.11' performed poorer than 'M.9' or 'M.26' in this plot. Among the semi-dwarf stocks, top performers were 'G.30', CG.6210, CG.4222 and 'G.202'. All performed significantly better than 'M.7'. Among vigorous stocks, top performers were CG.7760, CG.6239, CG.6253, CG.8189 and CG.7707. All performed significantly better than 'MM.111'.",
author = "T. Robinson and L. Anderson and A. Azarenko and B. Barritt and T. Baugher and G. Brown and G. Couvillon and W. Cowgill and Crassweller, {Robert Michael} and P. Domoto and C. Embree and A. Fennell and E. Garcia and A. Gaus and R. Granger and G. Greene and P. Hirst and E. Hoover and S. Johnson and M. Kushad and R. Moran and C. Mullins and S. Myers and R. Perry and C. Rom and Schupp, {James Rawlinson} and K. Taylor and M. Warmund and J. Warner and D. Wolfe",
year = "2003",
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doi = "10.17660/ActaHortic.2003.622.57",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9789066051898",
series = "Acta Horticulturae",
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Robinson, T, Anderson, L, Azarenko, A, Barritt, B, Baugher, T, Brown, G, Couvillon, G, Cowgill, W, Crassweller, RM, Domoto, P, Embree, C, Fennell, A, Garcia, E, Gaus, A, Granger, R, Greene, G, Hirst, P, Hoover, E, Johnson, S, Kushad, M, Moran, R, Mullins, C, Myers, S, Perry, R, Rom, C, Schupp, JR, Taylor, K, Warmund, M, Warner, J & Wolfe, D 2003, Performance of Cornell-Geneva apple rootstocks with 'Liberty' as the scion in NC-140 trials across North America. in XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Genetics and Breeding of Tree Fruis and Nuts. Acta Horticulturae, vol. 622, International Society for Horticultural Science, pp. 521-530. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2003.622.57

Performance of Cornell-Geneva apple rootstocks with 'Liberty' as the scion in NC-140 trials across North America. / Robinson, T.; Anderson, L.; Azarenko, A.; Barritt, B.; Baugher, T.; Brown, G.; Couvillon, G.; Cowgill, W.; Crassweller, Robert Michael; Domoto, P.; Embree, C.; Fennell, A.; Garcia, E.; Gaus, A.; Granger, R.; Greene, G.; Hirst, P.; Hoover, E.; Johnson, S.; Kushad, M.; Moran, R.; Mullins, C.; Myers, S.; Perry, R.; Rom, C.; Schupp, James Rawlinson; Taylor, K.; Warmund, M.; Warner, J.; Wolfe, D.

XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Genetics and Breeding of Tree Fruis and Nuts. International Society for Horticultural Science, 2003. p. 521-530 (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 622).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Performance of Cornell-Geneva apple rootstocks with 'Liberty' as the scion in NC-140 trials across North America

AU - Robinson, T.

AU - Anderson, L.

AU - Azarenko, A.

AU - Barritt, B.

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AU - Brown, G.

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AU - Crassweller, Robert Michael

AU - Domoto, P.

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AU - Garcia, E.

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AU - Greene, G.

AU - Hirst, P.

AU - Hoover, E.

AU - Johnson, S.

AU - Kushad, M.

AU - Moran, R.

AU - Mullins, C.

AU - Myers, S.

AU - Perry, R.

AU - Rom, C.

AU - Schupp, James Rawlinson

AU - Taylor, K.

AU - Warmund, M.

AU - Warner, J.

AU - Wolfe, D.

PY - 2003/8/31

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N2 - In 1992 and 1993 a series of multi-site replicated rootstock trials were established by the US national rootstock testing group, "NC-140," using 'Liberty' as the scion. The trials compared elite Geneva apple rootstocks which were bred for tolerance to fire blight and Phytophthora root rot to commercial standards. The named Geneva rootstocks are designated as Geneva™ or "G" stocks while unnamed numbered selections from Geneva are designated as "CG" stocks. In the 1992 plots among dwarfing rootstocks, 'Geneva™11' ('G.11') and CG.3029 had the highest cumulative yield efficiency, good tree survival and also had good average fruit size. They had similar tree size as 'M.9', but exceeded the yield performance of 'M.9'. 'Geneva™202' ('G.202') had slightly lower yield efficiency than 'G.11' and was similar to 'M.9'. Tree size of 'G.202' was slightly larger than 'M.9'. In contrast, 'Geneva™65' was more dwarfing than 'M.9' and had significantly lower cumulative yield efficiency and smaller fruit size than 'M.9'. Among semi-dwarf stocks, 'Geneva™30', CG.6210, CG.4222, CG.5179 and CG.5517 all exceeded the performance of 'M.7' and 'MM.106'. Among vigorous stocks, CG.6002, CG.6239 and CG.8189 all exceeded the performance of 'MM.111'. 'Novole' was significantly more vigorous than 'MM.111' and less productive. In the 1993 plots, CG.4247, CG.3041, CG.3902 and CG.3007 had the highest yield efficiencies and had good tree survival. All were similar in size to 'M.9', but performed significantly better than 'M.9' or 'M.26'. CG.4247 had smaller fruit size than 'M.9'. 'G.65' again produced a smaller tree and smaller fruit size than 'M.9', but yield efficiency was similar to 'M.9'. 'G.11' performed poorer than 'M.9' or 'M.26' in this plot. Among the semi-dwarf stocks, top performers were 'G.30', CG.6210, CG.4222 and 'G.202'. All performed significantly better than 'M.7'. Among vigorous stocks, top performers were CG.7760, CG.6239, CG.6253, CG.8189 and CG.7707. All performed significantly better than 'MM.111'.

AB - In 1992 and 1993 a series of multi-site replicated rootstock trials were established by the US national rootstock testing group, "NC-140," using 'Liberty' as the scion. The trials compared elite Geneva apple rootstocks which were bred for tolerance to fire blight and Phytophthora root rot to commercial standards. The named Geneva rootstocks are designated as Geneva™ or "G" stocks while unnamed numbered selections from Geneva are designated as "CG" stocks. In the 1992 plots among dwarfing rootstocks, 'Geneva™11' ('G.11') and CG.3029 had the highest cumulative yield efficiency, good tree survival and also had good average fruit size. They had similar tree size as 'M.9', but exceeded the yield performance of 'M.9'. 'Geneva™202' ('G.202') had slightly lower yield efficiency than 'G.11' and was similar to 'M.9'. Tree size of 'G.202' was slightly larger than 'M.9'. In contrast, 'Geneva™65' was more dwarfing than 'M.9' and had significantly lower cumulative yield efficiency and smaller fruit size than 'M.9'. Among semi-dwarf stocks, 'Geneva™30', CG.6210, CG.4222, CG.5179 and CG.5517 all exceeded the performance of 'M.7' and 'MM.106'. Among vigorous stocks, CG.6002, CG.6239 and CG.8189 all exceeded the performance of 'MM.111'. 'Novole' was significantly more vigorous than 'MM.111' and less productive. In the 1993 plots, CG.4247, CG.3041, CG.3902 and CG.3007 had the highest yield efficiencies and had good tree survival. All were similar in size to 'M.9', but performed significantly better than 'M.9' or 'M.26'. CG.4247 had smaller fruit size than 'M.9'. 'G.65' again produced a smaller tree and smaller fruit size than 'M.9', but yield efficiency was similar to 'M.9'. 'G.11' performed poorer than 'M.9' or 'M.26' in this plot. Among the semi-dwarf stocks, top performers were 'G.30', CG.6210, CG.4222 and 'G.202'. All performed significantly better than 'M.7'. Among vigorous stocks, top performers were CG.7760, CG.6239, CG.6253, CG.8189 and CG.7707. All performed significantly better than 'MM.111'.

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Robinson T, Anderson L, Azarenko A, Barritt B, Baugher T, Brown G et al. Performance of Cornell-Geneva apple rootstocks with 'Liberty' as the scion in NC-140 trials across North America. In XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Genetics and Breeding of Tree Fruis and Nuts. International Society for Horticultural Science. 2003. p. 521-530. (Acta Horticulturae). https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2003.622.57