Performance of 'Gala' apple on 18 dwarf rootstocks: Five-year summary of the 1994 NC-140 dwarf rootstock trial

Richard P. Marini, J. L. Anderson, W. R. Autio, B. H. Barritt, J. A. Cline, W. P. Cowgill, Robert Michael Crassweller, P. A. Domoto, D. C. Ferree, J. Garner, A. Gaus, G. M. Greene, C. Hampson, P. Hirst, M. M. Kushad, E. Mielke, C. A. Mullins, M. Parker, R. L. Perry, J. P. PrivéG. L. Reighard, T. Robinson, C. R. Rom, T. R. Roper, James Rawlinson Schupp, E. Stover, R. Unrath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In 1994, trees of 'Gala' apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) on 18 dwarf rootstocks were planted at 26 sites in North America according to the guidelines established for cooperative testing by the North Central Regional Cooperative Project (NC-140). Rootstocks for this trial included six selections of M.9, two from the Budagovski (B) series, three stocks from the Polish (P) series and two from the Vineland (V) series. M.27 EMLA, B.491, P.16 and P.22 produced the smallest trees, whereas V.1, M.26 EMLA, M.9 RN29 and M.9 Pajam2 produced the largest trees. M.9 EMLA, M.9 Pajam1, B.9, O.3, P.2, Mark, B.469, V.3, M.9 Fleuren 56, and M.9 NAKBT337 produced intermediate-size trees. Among the most dwarfing rootstocks, cumulative yields were greatest for P.16 and P.22, whereas M.27 EMLA had the lowest yields. All rootstocks in the intermediate size class produced similar yields. Among the most vigorous rootstocks, Pajam2 had the lowest yields and V.1 had the highest yields. Yield efficiency (YE) was low at CO, IN, NB, NC NJ, OH, SC, and ME and high at AR, OR, WA, and WI. Rootstocks significantly influenced YE at 19 of the 26 locations. Among the most dwarfing rootstocks, P.16 had the highest YE. Among the rootstocks in the intermediate size class, O.3, Mark, and M.9 NAKBT337 had the highest YE M.26 EMLA had the lowest YE for the most vigorous stocks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-107
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the American Pomological Society
Volume54
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2000

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rootstocks
apples
dwarfing
cooperatives
Malus

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

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Marini, R. P., Anderson, J. L., Autio, W. R., Barritt, B. H., Cline, J. A., Cowgill, W. P., ... Unrath, R. (2000). Performance of 'Gala' apple on 18 dwarf rootstocks: Five-year summary of the 1994 NC-140 dwarf rootstock trial. Journal of the American Pomological Society, 54(2), 92-107.
Marini, Richard P. ; Anderson, J. L. ; Autio, W. R. ; Barritt, B. H. ; Cline, J. A. ; Cowgill, W. P. ; Crassweller, Robert Michael ; Domoto, P. A. ; Ferree, D. C. ; Garner, J. ; Gaus, A. ; Greene, G. M. ; Hampson, C. ; Hirst, P. ; Kushad, M. M. ; Mielke, E. ; Mullins, C. A. ; Parker, M. ; Perry, R. L. ; Privé, J. P. ; Reighard, G. L. ; Robinson, T. ; Rom, C. R. ; Roper, T. R. ; Schupp, James Rawlinson ; Stover, E. ; Unrath, R. / Performance of 'Gala' apple on 18 dwarf rootstocks : Five-year summary of the 1994 NC-140 dwarf rootstock trial. In: Journal of the American Pomological Society. 2000 ; Vol. 54, No. 2. pp. 92-107.
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abstract = "In 1994, trees of 'Gala' apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) on 18 dwarf rootstocks were planted at 26 sites in North America according to the guidelines established for cooperative testing by the North Central Regional Cooperative Project (NC-140). Rootstocks for this trial included six selections of M.9, two from the Budagovski (B) series, three stocks from the Polish (P) series and two from the Vineland (V) series. M.27 EMLA, B.491, P.16 and P.22 produced the smallest trees, whereas V.1, M.26 EMLA, M.9 RN29 and M.9 Pajam2 produced the largest trees. M.9 EMLA, M.9 Pajam1, B.9, O.3, P.2, Mark, B.469, V.3, M.9 Fleuren 56, and M.9 NAKBT337 produced intermediate-size trees. Among the most dwarfing rootstocks, cumulative yields were greatest for P.16 and P.22, whereas M.27 EMLA had the lowest yields. All rootstocks in the intermediate size class produced similar yields. Among the most vigorous rootstocks, Pajam2 had the lowest yields and V.1 had the highest yields. Yield efficiency (YE) was low at CO, IN, NB, NC NJ, OH, SC, and ME and high at AR, OR, WA, and WI. Rootstocks significantly influenced YE at 19 of the 26 locations. Among the most dwarfing rootstocks, P.16 had the highest YE. Among the rootstocks in the intermediate size class, O.3, Mark, and M.9 NAKBT337 had the highest YE M.26 EMLA had the lowest YE for the most vigorous stocks.",
author = "Marini, {Richard P.} and Anderson, {J. L.} and Autio, {W. R.} and Barritt, {B. H.} and Cline, {J. A.} and Cowgill, {W. P.} and Crassweller, {Robert Michael} and Domoto, {P. A.} and Ferree, {D. C.} and J. Garner and A. Gaus and Greene, {G. M.} and C. Hampson and P. Hirst and Kushad, {M. M.} and E. Mielke and Mullins, {C. A.} and M. Parker and Perry, {R. L.} and Priv{\'e}, {J. P.} and Reighard, {G. L.} and T. Robinson and Rom, {C. R.} and Roper, {T. R.} and Schupp, {James Rawlinson} and E. Stover and R. Unrath",
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Marini, RP, Anderson, JL, Autio, WR, Barritt, BH, Cline, JA, Cowgill, WP, Crassweller, RM, Domoto, PA, Ferree, DC, Garner, J, Gaus, A, Greene, GM, Hampson, C, Hirst, P, Kushad, MM, Mielke, E, Mullins, CA, Parker, M, Perry, RL, Privé, JP, Reighard, GL, Robinson, T, Rom, CR, Roper, TR, Schupp, JR, Stover, E & Unrath, R 2000, 'Performance of 'Gala' apple on 18 dwarf rootstocks: Five-year summary of the 1994 NC-140 dwarf rootstock trial', Journal of the American Pomological Society, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 92-107.

Performance of 'Gala' apple on 18 dwarf rootstocks : Five-year summary of the 1994 NC-140 dwarf rootstock trial. / Marini, Richard P.; Anderson, J. L.; Autio, W. R.; Barritt, B. H.; Cline, J. A.; Cowgill, W. P.; Crassweller, Robert Michael; Domoto, P. A.; Ferree, D. C.; Garner, J.; Gaus, A.; Greene, G. M.; Hampson, C.; Hirst, P.; Kushad, M. M.; Mielke, E.; Mullins, C. A.; Parker, M.; Perry, R. L.; Privé, J. P.; Reighard, G. L.; Robinson, T.; Rom, C. R.; Roper, T. R.; Schupp, James Rawlinson; Stover, E.; Unrath, R.

In: Journal of the American Pomological Society, Vol. 54, No. 2, 01.04.2000, p. 92-107.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance of 'Gala' apple on 18 dwarf rootstocks

T2 - Five-year summary of the 1994 NC-140 dwarf rootstock trial

AU - Marini, Richard P.

AU - Anderson, J. L.

AU - Autio, W. R.

AU - Barritt, B. H.

AU - Cline, J. A.

AU - Cowgill, W. P.

AU - Crassweller, Robert Michael

AU - Domoto, P. A.

AU - Ferree, D. C.

AU - Garner, J.

AU - Gaus, A.

AU - Greene, G. M.

AU - Hampson, C.

AU - Hirst, P.

AU - Kushad, M. M.

AU - Mielke, E.

AU - Mullins, C. A.

AU - Parker, M.

AU - Perry, R. L.

AU - Privé, J. P.

AU - Reighard, G. L.

AU - Robinson, T.

AU - Rom, C. R.

AU - Roper, T. R.

AU - Schupp, James Rawlinson

AU - Stover, E.

AU - Unrath, R.

PY - 2000/4/1

Y1 - 2000/4/1

N2 - In 1994, trees of 'Gala' apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) on 18 dwarf rootstocks were planted at 26 sites in North America according to the guidelines established for cooperative testing by the North Central Regional Cooperative Project (NC-140). Rootstocks for this trial included six selections of M.9, two from the Budagovski (B) series, three stocks from the Polish (P) series and two from the Vineland (V) series. M.27 EMLA, B.491, P.16 and P.22 produced the smallest trees, whereas V.1, M.26 EMLA, M.9 RN29 and M.9 Pajam2 produced the largest trees. M.9 EMLA, M.9 Pajam1, B.9, O.3, P.2, Mark, B.469, V.3, M.9 Fleuren 56, and M.9 NAKBT337 produced intermediate-size trees. Among the most dwarfing rootstocks, cumulative yields were greatest for P.16 and P.22, whereas M.27 EMLA had the lowest yields. All rootstocks in the intermediate size class produced similar yields. Among the most vigorous rootstocks, Pajam2 had the lowest yields and V.1 had the highest yields. Yield efficiency (YE) was low at CO, IN, NB, NC NJ, OH, SC, and ME and high at AR, OR, WA, and WI. Rootstocks significantly influenced YE at 19 of the 26 locations. Among the most dwarfing rootstocks, P.16 had the highest YE. Among the rootstocks in the intermediate size class, O.3, Mark, and M.9 NAKBT337 had the highest YE M.26 EMLA had the lowest YE for the most vigorous stocks.

AB - In 1994, trees of 'Gala' apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) on 18 dwarf rootstocks were planted at 26 sites in North America according to the guidelines established for cooperative testing by the North Central Regional Cooperative Project (NC-140). Rootstocks for this trial included six selections of M.9, two from the Budagovski (B) series, three stocks from the Polish (P) series and two from the Vineland (V) series. M.27 EMLA, B.491, P.16 and P.22 produced the smallest trees, whereas V.1, M.26 EMLA, M.9 RN29 and M.9 Pajam2 produced the largest trees. M.9 EMLA, M.9 Pajam1, B.9, O.3, P.2, Mark, B.469, V.3, M.9 Fleuren 56, and M.9 NAKBT337 produced intermediate-size trees. Among the most dwarfing rootstocks, cumulative yields were greatest for P.16 and P.22, whereas M.27 EMLA had the lowest yields. All rootstocks in the intermediate size class produced similar yields. Among the most vigorous rootstocks, Pajam2 had the lowest yields and V.1 had the highest yields. Yield efficiency (YE) was low at CO, IN, NB, NC NJ, OH, SC, and ME and high at AR, OR, WA, and WI. Rootstocks significantly influenced YE at 19 of the 26 locations. Among the most dwarfing rootstocks, P.16 had the highest YE. Among the rootstocks in the intermediate size class, O.3, Mark, and M.9 NAKBT337 had the highest YE M.26 EMLA had the lowest YE for the most vigorous stocks.

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