Performance of several dwarfing rootstocks with 'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' as scion cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trials

W. Autio, T. L. Robinson, T. Bradshaw, J. Cline, Robert Michael Crassweller, C. G. Embree, E. Hoover, G. Lang, J. Masabni, M. L. Parker, R. Perry, G. L. Reighard, James Rawlinson Schupp, M. Warmund

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In spring, 1999, two trials of dwarf apple (Malus × domestica) rootstocks were established under the coordination of the NC-140 Technical Committee. One trial included 'Fuji' as the scion cultivar, and the other included 'McIntosh'. Rootstocks were CG.4013, CG.5179, Geneva® (G) 16N (liners from stoolbeds), G.16T (liners from stoolbeds derived from tissue cultured plants), G.41, G.202, M.9 NAKBT337, M.26 EMLA, Supporter 1, Supporter 2, and Supporter 3. The 'Fuji' trial was planted in Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, and Pennsylvania (Biglerville), with partial plantings in Pennsylvania (Rock Springs) and South Carolina. The 'McIntosh' trial was planted in Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nova Scotia, New York (Williamson), and Vermont, with partial plantings in New York (Peru), Ontario, and Pennsylvania (Rock Springs). Trees were spaced 3x5m and trained as vertical axes. At the end of nine growing seasons (2007), trees on Supporter 1, 2, and 3 were similar in size to those on M.9 NAKBT337. Trees on G.41 were similar in size to those on M.9 NAKBT337 for 'Fuji' and to those on G.16 for 'McIntosh.' 'Fuji' trees on G.16, G.202, CG.5179 were similar to those on M.26 EMLA, and 'McIntosh' trees on G.202 were larger than those on M.26 EMLA, with those on G.16 smaller. Trees on CG.4013 were the largest in both trials. Cumulatively (2001-07) for both cultivars, the greatest yields were from trees on CG.4013. The lowest 'Fuji' yields were from trees on M.9 NAKBT337, Supporter 1, and Supporter 2. For 'McIntosh,' lowest cumulative yields were from trees on M.9 NAKBT337, G.16T, and Supporter 1. Cumulatively (2001-07), trees on Supporter 1, G.41, and M.9 NAKBT337 were among the most yield efficient, and those on CG.4013, M.26 EMLA, and G.202 were among the least yield efficient for both cultivars. On average over the fruiting life of this trial (2001-07), M.9 NAKBT337 resulted in the largest fruit, and Supporter 2 and 3 resulted in the smallest fruit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIX International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages319-326
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9789066052970
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume903
ISSN (Print)0567-7572

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dwarfing
scions
rootstocks
apples
cultivars
rocks
planting
Nova Scotia
Malus domestica
Peru
committees
Ontario
small fruits
fruiting
growing season
fruits

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Autio, W., Robinson, T. L., Bradshaw, T., Cline, J., Crassweller, R. M., Embree, C. G., ... Warmund, M. (2011). Performance of several dwarfing rootstocks with 'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' as scion cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trials. In IX International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems (pp. 319-326). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 903). International Society for Horticultural Science. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.903.41
Autio, W. ; Robinson, T. L. ; Bradshaw, T. ; Cline, J. ; Crassweller, Robert Michael ; Embree, C. G. ; Hoover, E. ; Lang, G. ; Masabni, J. ; Parker, M. L. ; Perry, R. ; Reighard, G. L. ; Schupp, James Rawlinson ; Warmund, M. / Performance of several dwarfing rootstocks with 'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' as scion cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trials. IX International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems. International Society for Horticultural Science, 2011. pp. 319-326 (Acta Horticulturae).
@inproceedings{970540b4d6984dbcbd53fce3fcbeab14,
title = "Performance of several dwarfing rootstocks with 'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' as scion cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trials",
abstract = "In spring, 1999, two trials of dwarf apple (Malus × domestica) rootstocks were established under the coordination of the NC-140 Technical Committee. One trial included 'Fuji' as the scion cultivar, and the other included 'McIntosh'. Rootstocks were CG.4013, CG.5179, Geneva{\circledR} (G) 16N (liners from stoolbeds), G.16T (liners from stoolbeds derived from tissue cultured plants), G.41, G.202, M.9 NAKBT337, M.26 EMLA, Supporter 1, Supporter 2, and Supporter 3. The 'Fuji' trial was planted in Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, and Pennsylvania (Biglerville), with partial plantings in Pennsylvania (Rock Springs) and South Carolina. The 'McIntosh' trial was planted in Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nova Scotia, New York (Williamson), and Vermont, with partial plantings in New York (Peru), Ontario, and Pennsylvania (Rock Springs). Trees were spaced 3x5m and trained as vertical axes. At the end of nine growing seasons (2007), trees on Supporter 1, 2, and 3 were similar in size to those on M.9 NAKBT337. Trees on G.41 were similar in size to those on M.9 NAKBT337 for 'Fuji' and to those on G.16 for 'McIntosh.' 'Fuji' trees on G.16, G.202, CG.5179 were similar to those on M.26 EMLA, and 'McIntosh' trees on G.202 were larger than those on M.26 EMLA, with those on G.16 smaller. Trees on CG.4013 were the largest in both trials. Cumulatively (2001-07) for both cultivars, the greatest yields were from trees on CG.4013. The lowest 'Fuji' yields were from trees on M.9 NAKBT337, Supporter 1, and Supporter 2. For 'McIntosh,' lowest cumulative yields were from trees on M.9 NAKBT337, G.16T, and Supporter 1. Cumulatively (2001-07), trees on Supporter 1, G.41, and M.9 NAKBT337 were among the most yield efficient, and those on CG.4013, M.26 EMLA, and G.202 were among the least yield efficient for both cultivars. On average over the fruiting life of this trial (2001-07), M.9 NAKBT337 resulted in the largest fruit, and Supporter 2 and 3 resulted in the smallest fruit.",
author = "W. Autio and Robinson, {T. L.} and T. Bradshaw and J. Cline and Crassweller, {Robert Michael} and Embree, {C. G.} and E. Hoover and G. Lang and J. Masabni and Parker, {M. L.} and R. Perry and Reighard, {G. L.} and Schupp, {James Rawlinson} and M. Warmund",
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Autio, W, Robinson, TL, Bradshaw, T, Cline, J, Crassweller, RM, Embree, CG, Hoover, E, Lang, G, Masabni, J, Parker, ML, Perry, R, Reighard, GL, Schupp, JR & Warmund, M 2011, Performance of several dwarfing rootstocks with 'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' as scion cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trials. in IX International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems. Acta Horticulturae, vol. 903, International Society for Horticultural Science, pp. 319-326. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.903.41

Performance of several dwarfing rootstocks with 'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' as scion cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trials. / Autio, W.; Robinson, T. L.; Bradshaw, T.; Cline, J.; Crassweller, Robert Michael; Embree, C. G.; Hoover, E.; Lang, G.; Masabni, J.; Parker, M. L.; Perry, R.; Reighard, G. L.; Schupp, James Rawlinson; Warmund, M.

IX International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems. International Society for Horticultural Science, 2011. p. 319-326 (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 903).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Robinson, T. L.

AU - Bradshaw, T.

AU - Cline, J.

AU - Crassweller, Robert Michael

AU - Embree, C. G.

AU - Hoover, E.

AU - Lang, G.

AU - Masabni, J.

AU - Parker, M. L.

AU - Perry, R.

AU - Reighard, G. L.

AU - Schupp, James Rawlinson

AU - Warmund, M.

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N2 - In spring, 1999, two trials of dwarf apple (Malus × domestica) rootstocks were established under the coordination of the NC-140 Technical Committee. One trial included 'Fuji' as the scion cultivar, and the other included 'McIntosh'. Rootstocks were CG.4013, CG.5179, Geneva® (G) 16N (liners from stoolbeds), G.16T (liners from stoolbeds derived from tissue cultured plants), G.41, G.202, M.9 NAKBT337, M.26 EMLA, Supporter 1, Supporter 2, and Supporter 3. The 'Fuji' trial was planted in Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, and Pennsylvania (Biglerville), with partial plantings in Pennsylvania (Rock Springs) and South Carolina. The 'McIntosh' trial was planted in Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nova Scotia, New York (Williamson), and Vermont, with partial plantings in New York (Peru), Ontario, and Pennsylvania (Rock Springs). Trees were spaced 3x5m and trained as vertical axes. At the end of nine growing seasons (2007), trees on Supporter 1, 2, and 3 were similar in size to those on M.9 NAKBT337. Trees on G.41 were similar in size to those on M.9 NAKBT337 for 'Fuji' and to those on G.16 for 'McIntosh.' 'Fuji' trees on G.16, G.202, CG.5179 were similar to those on M.26 EMLA, and 'McIntosh' trees on G.202 were larger than those on M.26 EMLA, with those on G.16 smaller. Trees on CG.4013 were the largest in both trials. Cumulatively (2001-07) for both cultivars, the greatest yields were from trees on CG.4013. The lowest 'Fuji' yields were from trees on M.9 NAKBT337, Supporter 1, and Supporter 2. For 'McIntosh,' lowest cumulative yields were from trees on M.9 NAKBT337, G.16T, and Supporter 1. Cumulatively (2001-07), trees on Supporter 1, G.41, and M.9 NAKBT337 were among the most yield efficient, and those on CG.4013, M.26 EMLA, and G.202 were among the least yield efficient for both cultivars. On average over the fruiting life of this trial (2001-07), M.9 NAKBT337 resulted in the largest fruit, and Supporter 2 and 3 resulted in the smallest fruit.

AB - In spring, 1999, two trials of dwarf apple (Malus × domestica) rootstocks were established under the coordination of the NC-140 Technical Committee. One trial included 'Fuji' as the scion cultivar, and the other included 'McIntosh'. Rootstocks were CG.4013, CG.5179, Geneva® (G) 16N (liners from stoolbeds), G.16T (liners from stoolbeds derived from tissue cultured plants), G.41, G.202, M.9 NAKBT337, M.26 EMLA, Supporter 1, Supporter 2, and Supporter 3. The 'Fuji' trial was planted in Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, and Pennsylvania (Biglerville), with partial plantings in Pennsylvania (Rock Springs) and South Carolina. The 'McIntosh' trial was planted in Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nova Scotia, New York (Williamson), and Vermont, with partial plantings in New York (Peru), Ontario, and Pennsylvania (Rock Springs). Trees were spaced 3x5m and trained as vertical axes. At the end of nine growing seasons (2007), trees on Supporter 1, 2, and 3 were similar in size to those on M.9 NAKBT337. Trees on G.41 were similar in size to those on M.9 NAKBT337 for 'Fuji' and to those on G.16 for 'McIntosh.' 'Fuji' trees on G.16, G.202, CG.5179 were similar to those on M.26 EMLA, and 'McIntosh' trees on G.202 were larger than those on M.26 EMLA, with those on G.16 smaller. Trees on CG.4013 were the largest in both trials. Cumulatively (2001-07) for both cultivars, the greatest yields were from trees on CG.4013. The lowest 'Fuji' yields were from trees on M.9 NAKBT337, Supporter 1, and Supporter 2. For 'McIntosh,' lowest cumulative yields were from trees on M.9 NAKBT337, G.16T, and Supporter 1. Cumulatively (2001-07), trees on Supporter 1, G.41, and M.9 NAKBT337 were among the most yield efficient, and those on CG.4013, M.26 EMLA, and G.202 were among the least yield efficient for both cultivars. On average over the fruiting life of this trial (2001-07), M.9 NAKBT337 resulted in the largest fruit, and Supporter 2 and 3 resulted in the smallest fruit.

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Autio W, Robinson TL, Bradshaw T, Cline J, Crassweller RM, Embree CG et al. Performance of several dwarfing rootstocks with 'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' as scion cultivars in the 1999 NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trials. In IX International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems. International Society for Horticultural Science. 2011. p. 319-326. (Acta Horticulturae). https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.903.41