Performance of the MACRO detector at Gran Sasso: Moon shadow and seasonal variations

N. Giglietto, M. Ambrosio, R. Antolini, G. Auriemma, R. Baker, A. Baldini, G. C. Barbarino, B. C. Barish, G. Battistoni, R. Bellotti, C. Bemporad, P. Bernardini, H. Bilokon, V. Bisi, C. Bloise, T. Bosio, C. Bower, S. Bussino, F. Cafagna, M. CalicchioD. Campana, M. Carboni, M. Castellano, S. Cecchini, F. Cei, V. Chiarella, A. Corona, Stephane Coutu, L. de Benedictis, G. de Cataldo, H. Dekhissi, C. de Marzo, I. de Mitri, M. de Vincenzi, A. di Credico, O. Erriquez, R. Fantini, C. Favuzzi, C. Forti, P. Fusco, G. Giacomelli, G. Giannini, M. Goretti, M. Grassi, P. Green, A. Grillo, F. Guarino, P. Guarnaccia, C. Gustavino, A. Habig, K. Hanson, A. Hawthorne, R. Heinz, J. T. Hong, E. Iarocci, E. Katsavounidis, E. Kearns, S. Kyriazopoulou, E. Lamanna, C. Lane, D. S. Levin, P. Lipari, G. Liu, R. Liu, N. P. Longley, M. J. Longo, G. Ludlam, F. Maaroufi, G. Mancarella, G. Mandrioli, A. Margiotta-Neri, A. Marini, D. Martello, A. Marzari-Chiesa, M. N. Mazziotta, D. G. Michael, S. Mikheyev, L. Miller, P. Monacelli, T. Montaruli, M. Monteno, S. Mufson, J. Musser, D. Nicoló, R. Nolty, C. Okada, C. Orth, G. Osteria, O. Palamara, S. Parlati, V. Patera, L. Patrizii, R. Pazzi, C. W. Peck, S. Petrera, N. D. Pignatano, P. Pistilli, V. Popa, A. Rainó, J. Reynoldson, F. Ronga, U. Rubizzo, A. Sanzgiri, F. Sartogo, C. Satriano, L. Satta, E. Scapparone, K. Scholberg, A. Sciubba, P. Serra-Lugaresi, M. Severi, M. Sitta, P. F. Spada, P. Spinelli, M. Spinetti, M. Spurio, R. Steinberg, J. L. Stone, L. R. Sulak, A. Surdo, G. Tarlé, V. Togo, V. Valente, E. Vilela, C. W. Walter, R. Webb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The MACRO underground detector at Gran Sasso has recorded about 30 million muon events in the period 1989-1995. We have analyzed these data to look for time variations and to study the pointing capabilities of the apparatus in the search for astrophysical point sources. We have observed a 3% seasonal variation of the high energy muon rate, due to atmospheric temperature variations, in agreement with theoretical predictions. We report also the detection of the moon shadowing effect with a statistical significance of 3.7 σ. The results obtained straighten the possibility that a "muon astronomy" using underground experiments is possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)180-184
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements
Volume61
Issue number3 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

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annual variations
moon
muons
detectors
atmospheric temperature
natural satellites
astronomy
point sources
astrophysics
predictions
energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Giglietto, N., Ambrosio, M., Antolini, R., Auriemma, G., Baker, R., Baldini, A., ... Webb, R. (1998). Performance of the MACRO detector at Gran Sasso: Moon shadow and seasonal variations. Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements, 61(3 SUPPL.), 180-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0920-5632(97)00559-8
Giglietto, N. ; Ambrosio, M. ; Antolini, R. ; Auriemma, G. ; Baker, R. ; Baldini, A. ; Barbarino, G. C. ; Barish, B. C. ; Battistoni, G. ; Bellotti, R. ; Bemporad, C. ; Bernardini, P. ; Bilokon, H. ; Bisi, V. ; Bloise, C. ; Bosio, T. ; Bower, C. ; Bussino, S. ; Cafagna, F. ; Calicchio, M. ; Campana, D. ; Carboni, M. ; Castellano, M. ; Cecchini, S. ; Cei, F. ; Chiarella, V. ; Corona, A. ; Coutu, Stephane ; de Benedictis, L. ; de Cataldo, G. ; Dekhissi, H. ; de Marzo, C. ; de Mitri, I. ; de Vincenzi, M. ; di Credico, A. ; Erriquez, O. ; Fantini, R. ; Favuzzi, C. ; Forti, C. ; Fusco, P. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Giannini, G. ; Goretti, M. ; Grassi, M. ; Green, P. ; Grillo, A. ; Guarino, F. ; Guarnaccia, P. ; Gustavino, C. ; Habig, A. ; Hanson, K. ; Hawthorne, A. ; Heinz, R. ; Hong, J. T. ; Iarocci, E. ; Katsavounidis, E. ; Kearns, E. ; Kyriazopoulou, S. ; Lamanna, E. ; Lane, C. ; Levin, D. S. ; Lipari, P. ; Liu, G. ; Liu, R. ; Longley, N. P. ; Longo, M. J. ; Ludlam, G. ; Maaroufi, F. ; Mancarella, G. ; Mandrioli, G. ; Margiotta-Neri, A. ; Marini, A. ; Martello, D. ; Marzari-Chiesa, A. ; Mazziotta, M. N. ; Michael, D. G. ; Mikheyev, S. ; Miller, L. ; Monacelli, P. ; Montaruli, T. ; Monteno, M. ; Mufson, S. ; Musser, J. ; Nicoló, D. ; Nolty, R. ; Okada, C. ; Orth, C. ; Osteria, G. ; Palamara, O. ; Parlati, S. ; Patera, V. ; Patrizii, L. ; Pazzi, R. ; Peck, C. W. ; Petrera, S. ; Pignatano, N. D. ; Pistilli, P. ; Popa, V. ; Rainó, A. ; Reynoldson, J. ; Ronga, F. ; Rubizzo, U. ; Sanzgiri, A. ; Sartogo, F. ; Satriano, C. ; Satta, L. ; Scapparone, E. ; Scholberg, K. ; Sciubba, A. ; Serra-Lugaresi, P. ; Severi, M. ; Sitta, M. ; Spada, P. F. ; Spinelli, P. ; Spinetti, M. ; Spurio, M. ; Steinberg, R. ; Stone, J. L. ; Sulak, L. R. ; Surdo, A. ; Tarlé, G. ; Togo, V. ; Valente, V. ; Vilela, E. ; Walter, C. W. ; Webb, R. / Performance of the MACRO detector at Gran Sasso : Moon shadow and seasonal variations. In: Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements. 1998 ; Vol. 61, No. 3 SUPPL. pp. 180-184.
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abstract = "The MACRO underground detector at Gran Sasso has recorded about 30 million muon events in the period 1989-1995. We have analyzed these data to look for time variations and to study the pointing capabilities of the apparatus in the search for astrophysical point sources. We have observed a 3{\%} seasonal variation of the high energy muon rate, due to atmospheric temperature variations, in agreement with theoretical predictions. We report also the detection of the moon shadowing effect with a statistical significance of 3.7 σ. The results obtained straighten the possibility that a {"}muon astronomy{"} using underground experiments is possible.",
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Giglietto, N, Ambrosio, M, Antolini, R, Auriemma, G, Baker, R, Baldini, A, Barbarino, GC, Barish, BC, Battistoni, G, Bellotti, R, Bemporad, C, Bernardini, P, Bilokon, H, Bisi, V, Bloise, C, Bosio, T, Bower, C, Bussino, S, Cafagna, F, Calicchio, M, Campana, D, Carboni, M, Castellano, M, Cecchini, S, Cei, F, Chiarella, V, Corona, A, Coutu, S, de Benedictis, L, de Cataldo, G, Dekhissi, H, de Marzo, C, de Mitri, I, de Vincenzi, M, di Credico, A, Erriquez, O, Fantini, R, Favuzzi, C, Forti, C, Fusco, P, Giacomelli, G, Giannini, G, Goretti, M, Grassi, M, Green, P, Grillo, A, Guarino, F, Guarnaccia, P, Gustavino, C, Habig, A, Hanson, K, Hawthorne, A, Heinz, R, Hong, JT, Iarocci, E, Katsavounidis, E, Kearns, E, Kyriazopoulou, S, Lamanna, E, Lane, C, Levin, DS, Lipari, P, Liu, G, Liu, R, Longley, NP, Longo, MJ, Ludlam, G, Maaroufi, F, Mancarella, G, Mandrioli, G, Margiotta-Neri, A, Marini, A, Martello, D, Marzari-Chiesa, A, Mazziotta, MN, Michael, DG, Mikheyev, S, Miller, L, Monacelli, P, Montaruli, T, Monteno, M, Mufson, S, Musser, J, Nicoló, D, Nolty, R, Okada, C, Orth, C, Osteria, G, Palamara, O, Parlati, S, Patera, V, Patrizii, L, Pazzi, R, Peck, CW, Petrera, S, Pignatano, ND, Pistilli, P, Popa, V, Rainó, A, Reynoldson, J, Ronga, F, Rubizzo, U, Sanzgiri, A, Sartogo, F, Satriano, C, Satta, L, Scapparone, E, Scholberg, K, Sciubba, A, Serra-Lugaresi, P, Severi, M, Sitta, M, Spada, PF, Spinelli, P, Spinetti, M, Spurio, M, Steinberg, R, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Surdo, A, Tarlé, G, Togo, V, Valente, V, Vilela, E, Walter, CW & Webb, R 1998, 'Performance of the MACRO detector at Gran Sasso: Moon shadow and seasonal variations', Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements, vol. 61, no. 3 SUPPL., pp. 180-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0920-5632(97)00559-8

Performance of the MACRO detector at Gran Sasso : Moon shadow and seasonal variations. / Giglietto, N.; Ambrosio, M.; Antolini, R.; Auriemma, G.; Baker, R.; Baldini, A.; Barbarino, G. C.; Barish, B. C.; Battistoni, G.; Bellotti, R.; Bemporad, C.; Bernardini, P.; Bilokon, H.; Bisi, V.; Bloise, C.; Bosio, T.; Bower, C.; Bussino, S.; Cafagna, F.; Calicchio, M.; Campana, D.; Carboni, M.; Castellano, M.; Cecchini, S.; Cei, F.; Chiarella, V.; Corona, A.; Coutu, Stephane; de Benedictis, L.; de Cataldo, G.; Dekhissi, H.; de Marzo, C.; de Mitri, I.; de Vincenzi, M.; di Credico, A.; Erriquez, O.; Fantini, R.; Favuzzi, C.; Forti, C.; Fusco, P.; Giacomelli, G.; Giannini, G.; Goretti, M.; Grassi, M.; Green, P.; Grillo, A.; Guarino, F.; Guarnaccia, P.; Gustavino, C.; Habig, A.; Hanson, K.; Hawthorne, A.; Heinz, R.; Hong, J. T.; Iarocci, E.; Katsavounidis, E.; Kearns, E.; Kyriazopoulou, S.; Lamanna, E.; Lane, C.; Levin, D. S.; Lipari, P.; Liu, G.; Liu, R.; Longley, N. P.; Longo, M. J.; Ludlam, G.; Maaroufi, F.; Mancarella, G.; Mandrioli, G.; Margiotta-Neri, A.; Marini, A.; Martello, D.; Marzari-Chiesa, A.; Mazziotta, M. N.; Michael, D. G.; Mikheyev, S.; Miller, L.; Monacelli, P.; Montaruli, T.; Monteno, M.; Mufson, S.; Musser, J.; Nicoló, D.; Nolty, R.; Okada, C.; Orth, C.; Osteria, G.; Palamara, O.; Parlati, S.; Patera, V.; Patrizii, L.; Pazzi, R.; Peck, C. W.; Petrera, S.; Pignatano, N. D.; Pistilli, P.; Popa, V.; Rainó, A.; Reynoldson, J.; Ronga, F.; Rubizzo, U.; Sanzgiri, A.; Sartogo, F.; Satriano, C.; Satta, L.; Scapparone, E.; Scholberg, K.; Sciubba, A.; Serra-Lugaresi, P.; Severi, M.; Sitta, M.; Spada, P. F.; Spinelli, P.; Spinetti, M.; Spurio, M.; Steinberg, R.; Stone, J. L.; Sulak, L. R.; Surdo, A.; Tarlé, G.; Togo, V.; Valente, V.; Vilela, E.; Walter, C. W.; Webb, R.

In: Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements, Vol. 61, No. 3 SUPPL., 01.01.1998, p. 180-184.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance of the MACRO detector at Gran Sasso

T2 - Moon shadow and seasonal variations

AU - Giglietto, N.

AU - Ambrosio, M.

AU - Antolini, R.

AU - Auriemma, G.

AU - Baker, R.

AU - Baldini, A.

AU - Barbarino, G. C.

AU - Barish, B. C.

AU - Battistoni, G.

AU - Bellotti, R.

AU - Bemporad, C.

AU - Bernardini, P.

AU - Bilokon, H.

AU - Bisi, V.

AU - Bloise, C.

AU - Bosio, T.

AU - Bower, C.

AU - Bussino, S.

AU - Cafagna, F.

AU - Calicchio, M.

AU - Campana, D.

AU - Carboni, M.

AU - Castellano, M.

AU - Cecchini, S.

AU - Cei, F.

AU - Chiarella, V.

AU - Corona, A.

AU - Coutu, Stephane

AU - de Benedictis, L.

AU - de Cataldo, G.

AU - Dekhissi, H.

AU - de Marzo, C.

AU - de Mitri, I.

AU - de Vincenzi, M.

AU - di Credico, A.

AU - Erriquez, O.

AU - Fantini, R.

AU - Favuzzi, C.

AU - Forti, C.

AU - Fusco, P.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Giannini, G.

AU - Goretti, M.

AU - Grassi, M.

AU - Green, P.

AU - Grillo, A.

AU - Guarino, F.

AU - Guarnaccia, P.

AU - Gustavino, C.

AU - Habig, A.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Hawthorne, A.

AU - Heinz, R.

AU - Hong, J. T.

AU - Iarocci, E.

AU - Katsavounidis, E.

AU - Kearns, E.

AU - Kyriazopoulou, S.

AU - Lamanna, E.

AU - Lane, C.

AU - Levin, D. S.

AU - Lipari, P.

AU - Liu, G.

AU - Liu, R.

AU - Longley, N. P.

AU - Longo, M. J.

AU - Ludlam, G.

AU - Maaroufi, F.

AU - Mancarella, G.

AU - Mandrioli, G.

AU - Margiotta-Neri, A.

AU - Marini, A.

AU - Martello, D.

AU - Marzari-Chiesa, A.

AU - Mazziotta, M. N.

AU - Michael, D. G.

AU - Mikheyev, S.

AU - Miller, L.

AU - Monacelli, P.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Monteno, M.

AU - Mufson, S.

AU - Musser, J.

AU - Nicoló, D.

AU - Nolty, R.

AU - Okada, C.

AU - Orth, C.

AU - Osteria, G.

AU - Palamara, O.

AU - Parlati, S.

AU - Patera, V.

AU - Patrizii, L.

AU - Pazzi, R.

AU - Peck, C. W.

AU - Petrera, S.

AU - Pignatano, N. D.

AU - Pistilli, P.

AU - Popa, V.

AU - Rainó, A.

AU - Reynoldson, J.

AU - Ronga, F.

AU - Rubizzo, U.

AU - Sanzgiri, A.

AU - Sartogo, F.

AU - Satriano, C.

AU - Satta, L.

AU - Scapparone, E.

AU - Scholberg, K.

AU - Sciubba, A.

AU - Serra-Lugaresi, P.

AU - Severi, M.

AU - Sitta, M.

AU - Spada, P. F.

AU - Spinelli, P.

AU - Spinetti, M.

AU - Spurio, M.

AU - Steinberg, R.

AU - Stone, J. L.

AU - Sulak, L. R.

AU - Surdo, A.

AU - Tarlé, G.

AU - Togo, V.

AU - Valente, V.

AU - Vilela, E.

AU - Walter, C. W.

AU - Webb, R.

PY - 1998/1/1

Y1 - 1998/1/1

N2 - The MACRO underground detector at Gran Sasso has recorded about 30 million muon events in the period 1989-1995. We have analyzed these data to look for time variations and to study the pointing capabilities of the apparatus in the search for astrophysical point sources. We have observed a 3% seasonal variation of the high energy muon rate, due to atmospheric temperature variations, in agreement with theoretical predictions. We report also the detection of the moon shadowing effect with a statistical significance of 3.7 σ. The results obtained straighten the possibility that a "muon astronomy" using underground experiments is possible.

AB - The MACRO underground detector at Gran Sasso has recorded about 30 million muon events in the period 1989-1995. We have analyzed these data to look for time variations and to study the pointing capabilities of the apparatus in the search for astrophysical point sources. We have observed a 3% seasonal variation of the high energy muon rate, due to atmospheric temperature variations, in agreement with theoretical predictions. We report also the detection of the moon shadowing effect with a statistical significance of 3.7 σ. The results obtained straighten the possibility that a "muon astronomy" using underground experiments is possible.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031991864&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031991864&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0920-5632(97)00559-8

DO - 10.1016/S0920-5632(97)00559-8

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0031991864

VL - 61

SP - 180

EP - 184

JO - Nuclear and Particle Physics Proceedings

JF - Nuclear and Particle Physics Proceedings

SN - 2405-6014

IS - 3 SUPPL.

ER -