Performance of transducers with segmented piezoelectric stacks using materials with high electromechanical coupling coefficient

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Underwater acoustic transducers often include a stack of thickness polarized piezoelectric material pieces of alternating polarity interspersed with electrodes and bonded together. The stack is normally much shorter than a quarter wavelength at the fundamental resonance frequency, so that the mechanical behavior of the transducer is not affected by the segmentation. When the transducer bandwidth is less than a half octave, as has conventionally been the case, stack segmentation has no significant effect on the mechanical behavior of the device. However, when a high coupling coefficient material such as PMN-PT is used to achieve a wider bandwidth, the difference between a segmented stack and a single piezoelectric piece with the same overall dimensions can be significant. This paper investigates the effects of stack segmentation on the performance of wideband underwater acoustic transducers, particularly tonpilz transducer elements. Included is discussion of transducer designs using single crystal piezoelectric material with high coupling coefficient compared with more traditional PZT ceramics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number030021
JournalProceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
Volume19
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 19 2013
Event21st International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2013 - 165th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: Jun 2 2013Jun 7 2013

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coupling coefficients
transducers
underwater acoustics
bandwidth
octaves
polarity
ceramics
broadband
electrodes
single crystals
wavelengths

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Cite this

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abstract = "Underwater acoustic transducers often include a stack of thickness polarized piezoelectric material pieces of alternating polarity interspersed with electrodes and bonded together. The stack is normally much shorter than a quarter wavelength at the fundamental resonance frequency, so that the mechanical behavior of the transducer is not affected by the segmentation. When the transducer bandwidth is less than a half octave, as has conventionally been the case, stack segmentation has no significant effect on the mechanical behavior of the device. However, when a high coupling coefficient material such as PMN-PT is used to achieve a wider bandwidth, the difference between a segmented stack and a single piezoelectric piece with the same overall dimensions can be significant. This paper investigates the effects of stack segmentation on the performance of wideband underwater acoustic transducers, particularly tonpilz transducer elements. Included is discussion of transducer designs using single crystal piezoelectric material with high coupling coefficient compared with more traditional PZT ceramics.",
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N2 - Underwater acoustic transducers often include a stack of thickness polarized piezoelectric material pieces of alternating polarity interspersed with electrodes and bonded together. The stack is normally much shorter than a quarter wavelength at the fundamental resonance frequency, so that the mechanical behavior of the transducer is not affected by the segmentation. When the transducer bandwidth is less than a half octave, as has conventionally been the case, stack segmentation has no significant effect on the mechanical behavior of the device. However, when a high coupling coefficient material such as PMN-PT is used to achieve a wider bandwidth, the difference between a segmented stack and a single piezoelectric piece with the same overall dimensions can be significant. This paper investigates the effects of stack segmentation on the performance of wideband underwater acoustic transducers, particularly tonpilz transducer elements. Included is discussion of transducer designs using single crystal piezoelectric material with high coupling coefficient compared with more traditional PZT ceramics.

AB - Underwater acoustic transducers often include a stack of thickness polarized piezoelectric material pieces of alternating polarity interspersed with electrodes and bonded together. The stack is normally much shorter than a quarter wavelength at the fundamental resonance frequency, so that the mechanical behavior of the transducer is not affected by the segmentation. When the transducer bandwidth is less than a half octave, as has conventionally been the case, stack segmentation has no significant effect on the mechanical behavior of the device. However, when a high coupling coefficient material such as PMN-PT is used to achieve a wider bandwidth, the difference between a segmented stack and a single piezoelectric piece with the same overall dimensions can be significant. This paper investigates the effects of stack segmentation on the performance of wideband underwater acoustic transducers, particularly tonpilz transducer elements. Included is discussion of transducer designs using single crystal piezoelectric material with high coupling coefficient compared with more traditional PZT ceramics.

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