Periodically nanoarchitectured photovoltaic solar cells and planar optical concentrators

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Solar light received on earth is rich in photons in the 500-900-nm wavelength range. A photovoltaic solar cell is an optoelectronic device containing semiconductors that capture and absorb solar photons. Every absorbed photon creates an electron-hole pair (EHP). Electrons and holes are sent in opposite directions to generate an electric current. However, some electrons can recombine with holes to reduce the current. The design imperatives therefore are to enhance photon absorption, maximize the EHP generation rate, and minimize the EHP recombination rate. Periodic nanoarchitecture can assist in meeting these imperatives. The combination of nanoscale periodic gradation of the bandgap in the absorber layer of the solar cell and a periodically corrugated metallic backreflector shows promise. The same geometry with the absorber layer replaced by a periodically nonhomogeneous, nonabsorbing, dielectric layer can be efficacious for planar optical concentrators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2017 19th International Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications, ICEAA 2017
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages852-854
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9781509044511
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 11 2017
Event19th International Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications, ICEAA 2017 - Verona, Italy
Duration: Sep 11 2017Sep 15 2017

Other

Other19th International Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications, ICEAA 2017
CountryItaly
CityVerona
Period9/11/179/15/17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • Radiation

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  • Cite this

    Lakhtakia, A. (2017). Periodically nanoarchitectured photovoltaic solar cells and planar optical concentrators. In Proceedings of the 2017 19th International Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications, ICEAA 2017 (pp. 852-854). [8065385] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEAA.2017.8065385