6 Scopus citations


Background: This retrospective UNOS database evaluation analyzes the prevalence of preoperative portal vein thromboses (PVT), and postoperative thromboses leading to graft failure in pediatric patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT). Methods: The evaluation was performed in three age groups: I (0–5), II (6–11), III (12–18) years old. Factors predictive of pre- and postoperative thromboses were analyzed. Results: Between 2000 and 2015, 8982 pediatric LT were performed in the US. Of those, 390 patients had preoperative PVT (4.3%), and 396 (4.4%) had postoperative thromboses. The prevalence of both types of thromboses was less in Group III than in the other two groups (3.20% vs 4.65%, p = 0.007 and 1.73% vs. 5.13%, p < 0.001, respectively). The prevalence of postoperative thromboses was significantly higher in Group I than in the other two groups (5.49% vs. 2.51%, p < 0.001). Preoperative PVT was independently associated with postoperative thromboses (OR = 1.7, p = 0.02). Children less than 5 years of age were more likely to develop postoperative thromboses leading to graft failure (OR = 2.9, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Younger children undergoing LT are prone to pre-and postoperative thrombotic complications. Preoperative PVT at the time of transplantation was independently associated with postoperative thromboses. Perioperative antithrombotic therapy should be considered in pediatric patients undergoing LT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-378
Number of pages9
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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