Immune thrombocytopenic purpura in children rarely causes severe bleeding. The incidence of intracranial hemorrhage is approximately 0.2% to 1.0%, and severe bleeding (defined as persistent epistaxis, melena, menorrhagia, gastrointestinal bleeding, etc, requiring hospitalization or transfusion) occurs in only 5% of patients. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) associated idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) tends to behave similarly to non-EBV-associated ITP with no increase in hemorrhagic complications and only a small increase in time to remission. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura diagnosed in adolescence is more likely to be chronic then in childhood ITP, but has a higher rate of spontaneous resolution than in adults. However, females in this age group are in their early childbearing years and present a unique set of possible hemorrhagic complications not seen in younger patients. We present the case of an 18-year-old female with EBV-associated ITP, who developed a severe intra-abdominal bleed secondary to a hemorrhagic ovarian cyst.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health