Permeability enhancement in gas shale due to nitrogen flooding

Brandon Schwartz, Derek Elsworth

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

We show that nitrogen flooding can double matrix permeability of gas shales. In laboratory experiments, nitrogen gas increased permeability in the bedding-perpendicular and bedding-parallel directions by 206% and 234%, respectively. Experiments are performed at constant stress, pore pressure, and temperature. We build a model to show that the permeability enhancement is controlled by the sorptive strain, pore geometry, and the spacing-to-aperture ratio. This work addresses how an organic-poor shale can experience large permeability changes driven by sorption induced strains. We plot methane and helium permeability curves as a function of pore pressure to isolate the portion of permeability evolution controlled by sorption. We independently build strain curves to solve for the sorptive strain and find good agreement between these two methods. This work demonstrates that matrix permeability in gas shales can be doubled, which suggests that ultimate recovery can be improved as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
EventSPE/AAPG/SEG Unconventional Resources Technology Conference 2019, URTC 2019 - Denver, United States
Duration: Jul 22 2019Jul 24 2019

Conference

ConferenceSPE/AAPG/SEG Unconventional Resources Technology Conference 2019, URTC 2019
CountryUnited States
CityDenver
Period7/22/197/24/19

Fingerprint

Nitrogen
Pore pressure
Sorption
Gas permeability
Shale
Gases
Helium
Methane
Experiments
Recovery
Geometry
Shale gas
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Schwartz, B., & Elsworth, D. (2019). Permeability enhancement in gas shale due to nitrogen flooding. Paper presented at SPE/AAPG/SEG Unconventional Resources Technology Conference 2019, URTC 2019, Denver, United States. https://doi.org/10.15530/urtec-2019-106
Schwartz, Brandon ; Elsworth, Derek. / Permeability enhancement in gas shale due to nitrogen flooding. Paper presented at SPE/AAPG/SEG Unconventional Resources Technology Conference 2019, URTC 2019, Denver, United States.
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Schwartz, B & Elsworth, D 2019, 'Permeability enhancement in gas shale due to nitrogen flooding', Paper presented at SPE/AAPG/SEG Unconventional Resources Technology Conference 2019, URTC 2019, Denver, United States, 7/22/19 - 7/24/19. https://doi.org/10.15530/urtec-2019-106

Permeability enhancement in gas shale due to nitrogen flooding. / Schwartz, Brandon; Elsworth, Derek.

2019. Paper presented at SPE/AAPG/SEG Unconventional Resources Technology Conference 2019, URTC 2019, Denver, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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Schwartz B, Elsworth D. Permeability enhancement in gas shale due to nitrogen flooding. 2019. Paper presented at SPE/AAPG/SEG Unconventional Resources Technology Conference 2019, URTC 2019, Denver, United States. https://doi.org/10.15530/urtec-2019-106