The steady-state temperature of an ion plasma in a Penning trap, cooled by a laser beam perpendicular to the trap axis, has been calculated and measured. The rotation of the plasma, due to crossed E and B fields, strongly affects the minimum attainable temperature. This is because the velocity distribution of the ions, as seen by a laser beam intersecting the plasma at some distance from the axis of rotation, is skewed, and this leads to a change in the velocity distribution (and hence temperature) at which a steady state is attained. The calculated temperature is a function of the intensity, frequency, and position of the laser beam, and of the rotation frequency of the plasma. Temperatures of Be+9 plasmas were measured for a wide range of experimental parameters. The lowest and highest temperatures were approximately 40 mK and 2 K. The measured and calculated temperatures are in agreement.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics