Personal development on youth expeditions: a literature review and thematic analysis

Tim Stott, Pete Allison, Johannes Felter, Simon Beames

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Youth expeditions are associated with a range of benefits for participants. More young people are participating in overseas expeditions than ever before as vacation and gap year choices are diversified by a rising number of expedition providers. To date, there has been no systematic research effort to draw together and evaluate the evidence that underpins the benefits or, otherwise, for youths participating in overseas expeditions. This paper reviews empirical and philosophical literature which has been published in a range of journals and themes emerging are placed into a personal growth model. This review (or mapping exercise) focused on post-1990 literature and found 35 key publications which met the criteria: youth expedition; duration exceeding 14 days, self-propelled, and based overseas or out-of-state. The 35 publications (UK 26; USA 4; Australia 3; Japan 1; South Africa 1) were subjected to a thematic analysis using Greenaway’s ‘Four Arrows’ model of personal growth. Outcomes associated with overseas youth expedition participation included (1) upward personal growth (realising potential) including increased confidence; physical and social resilience; self-reliance and ability to overcome challenges, (2) outward personal growth (learning about & relating to others), (3) inward personal growth (learning about self) and (4) downward personal growth (learning about environment). The processes that were valued in overseas expeditions and which, with some caution, may be linked with some of the aforementioned outcomes include: genuine independence; group isolation and self-sufficiency; person-centred leadership; positive responses to stress and physically demanding activity. Suggestions for areas for further meaningful research are offered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-229
Number of pages33
JournalLeisure Studies
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 4 2015

Fingerprint

literature review
overseas
learning
vacation
self sufficiency
self-sufficiency
leadership
resilience
literature
analysis
youth
Thematic analysis
Literature review
social isolation
learning environment
confidence
Japan
participation
human being
ability

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Cite this

Stott, Tim ; Allison, Pete ; Felter, Johannes ; Beames, Simon. / Personal development on youth expeditions : a literature review and thematic analysis. In: Leisure Studies. 2015 ; Vol. 34, No. 2. pp. 197-229.
@article{a7a0bc7018934c61a9b2cf1267528ca3,
title = "Personal development on youth expeditions: a literature review and thematic analysis",
abstract = "Youth expeditions are associated with a range of benefits for participants. More young people are participating in overseas expeditions than ever before as vacation and gap year choices are diversified by a rising number of expedition providers. To date, there has been no systematic research effort to draw together and evaluate the evidence that underpins the benefits or, otherwise, for youths participating in overseas expeditions. This paper reviews empirical and philosophical literature which has been published in a range of journals and themes emerging are placed into a personal growth model. This review (or mapping exercise) focused on post-1990 literature and found 35 key publications which met the criteria: youth expedition; duration exceeding 14 days, self-propelled, and based overseas or out-of-state. The 35 publications (UK 26; USA 4; Australia 3; Japan 1; South Africa 1) were subjected to a thematic analysis using Greenaway’s ‘Four Arrows’ model of personal growth. Outcomes associated with overseas youth expedition participation included (1) upward personal growth (realising potential) including increased confidence; physical and social resilience; self-reliance and ability to overcome challenges, (2) outward personal growth (learning about & relating to others), (3) inward personal growth (learning about self) and (4) downward personal growth (learning about environment). The processes that were valued in overseas expeditions and which, with some caution, may be linked with some of the aforementioned outcomes include: genuine independence; group isolation and self-sufficiency; person-centred leadership; positive responses to stress and physically demanding activity. Suggestions for areas for further meaningful research are offered.",
author = "Tim Stott and Pete Allison and Johannes Felter and Simon Beames",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1080/02614367.2013.841744",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "34",
pages = "197--229",
journal = "Leisure Studies",
issn = "0261-4367",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

Personal development on youth expeditions : a literature review and thematic analysis. / Stott, Tim; Allison, Pete; Felter, Johannes; Beames, Simon.

In: Leisure Studies, Vol. 34, No. 2, 04.03.2015, p. 197-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personal development on youth expeditions

T2 - a literature review and thematic analysis

AU - Stott, Tim

AU - Allison, Pete

AU - Felter, Johannes

AU - Beames, Simon

PY - 2015/3/4

Y1 - 2015/3/4

N2 - Youth expeditions are associated with a range of benefits for participants. More young people are participating in overseas expeditions than ever before as vacation and gap year choices are diversified by a rising number of expedition providers. To date, there has been no systematic research effort to draw together and evaluate the evidence that underpins the benefits or, otherwise, for youths participating in overseas expeditions. This paper reviews empirical and philosophical literature which has been published in a range of journals and themes emerging are placed into a personal growth model. This review (or mapping exercise) focused on post-1990 literature and found 35 key publications which met the criteria: youth expedition; duration exceeding 14 days, self-propelled, and based overseas or out-of-state. The 35 publications (UK 26; USA 4; Australia 3; Japan 1; South Africa 1) were subjected to a thematic analysis using Greenaway’s ‘Four Arrows’ model of personal growth. Outcomes associated with overseas youth expedition participation included (1) upward personal growth (realising potential) including increased confidence; physical and social resilience; self-reliance and ability to overcome challenges, (2) outward personal growth (learning about & relating to others), (3) inward personal growth (learning about self) and (4) downward personal growth (learning about environment). The processes that were valued in overseas expeditions and which, with some caution, may be linked with some of the aforementioned outcomes include: genuine independence; group isolation and self-sufficiency; person-centred leadership; positive responses to stress and physically demanding activity. Suggestions for areas for further meaningful research are offered.

AB - Youth expeditions are associated with a range of benefits for participants. More young people are participating in overseas expeditions than ever before as vacation and gap year choices are diversified by a rising number of expedition providers. To date, there has been no systematic research effort to draw together and evaluate the evidence that underpins the benefits or, otherwise, for youths participating in overseas expeditions. This paper reviews empirical and philosophical literature which has been published in a range of journals and themes emerging are placed into a personal growth model. This review (or mapping exercise) focused on post-1990 literature and found 35 key publications which met the criteria: youth expedition; duration exceeding 14 days, self-propelled, and based overseas or out-of-state. The 35 publications (UK 26; USA 4; Australia 3; Japan 1; South Africa 1) were subjected to a thematic analysis using Greenaway’s ‘Four Arrows’ model of personal growth. Outcomes associated with overseas youth expedition participation included (1) upward personal growth (realising potential) including increased confidence; physical and social resilience; self-reliance and ability to overcome challenges, (2) outward personal growth (learning about & relating to others), (3) inward personal growth (learning about self) and (4) downward personal growth (learning about environment). The processes that were valued in overseas expeditions and which, with some caution, may be linked with some of the aforementioned outcomes include: genuine independence; group isolation and self-sufficiency; person-centred leadership; positive responses to stress and physically demanding activity. Suggestions for areas for further meaningful research are offered.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84922399670&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84922399670&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/02614367.2013.841744

DO - 10.1080/02614367.2013.841744

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84922399670

VL - 34

SP - 197

EP - 229

JO - Leisure Studies

JF - Leisure Studies

SN - 0261-4367

IS - 2

ER -