Personality and Drunk Driving: Identification of DUI Types Using the Hogan Personality Inventory

Yola Nolan, John A. Johnson, Aaron L. Pincus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two hundred persons arrested for driving under the influence (DUI), 30 social drinkers, 30 depressed patients, 30 incarcerated criminals, and 30 alcoholics completed the Hogan Personality Inventory (HPI) and Court Reporting Network (CRN) interview. A cluster analysis of HPI scores for the DUI group revealed 5 personality types: Impulsive-Extravert, Normal, Neurotic-Introvert, Neurotic-Hostile, and Unassertive-Conformist. The types differed predictably on demographic variables, drinking behavior, and driving records as assessed by the CRN. The Impulsive-Extravert and Normal types had HPI profiles similar to social drinkers. The Neurotic-Introvert type most resembled depressed patients, and the Neurotic-Hostile type most resembled incarcerated criminals. Results clarify previous findings on DUI personality types and establish a basis for tailoring therapeutic treatments to different types of DUI offenders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-40
Number of pages8
JournalPsychological Assessment
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1994

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Personality Inventory
Personality
Drinking Behavior
Alcoholics
Cluster Analysis
Demography
Driving Under the Influence
Interviews
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

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abstract = "Two hundred persons arrested for driving under the influence (DUI), 30 social drinkers, 30 depressed patients, 30 incarcerated criminals, and 30 alcoholics completed the Hogan Personality Inventory (HPI) and Court Reporting Network (CRN) interview. A cluster analysis of HPI scores for the DUI group revealed 5 personality types: Impulsive-Extravert, Normal, Neurotic-Introvert, Neurotic-Hostile, and Unassertive-Conformist. The types differed predictably on demographic variables, drinking behavior, and driving records as assessed by the CRN. The Impulsive-Extravert and Normal types had HPI profiles similar to social drinkers. The Neurotic-Introvert type most resembled depressed patients, and the Neurotic-Hostile type most resembled incarcerated criminals. Results clarify previous findings on DUI personality types and establish a basis for tailoring therapeutic treatments to different types of DUI offenders.",
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Personality and Drunk Driving : Identification of DUI Types Using the Hogan Personality Inventory. / Nolan, Yola; Johnson, John A.; Pincus, Aaron L.

In: Psychological Assessment, Vol. 6, No. 1, 03.1994, p. 33-40.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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