Personality development in the context of individual traits and parenting dynamics

Berenice Anaya, Koraly Pérez-Edgar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our conceptualization of adult personality and childhood temperament can be closely aligned in that they both reflect endogenous, likely constitutional dispositions. Empirical studies of temperament have focused on measuring systematic differences in emotional reactions, motor responses, and physiological states that we believe may contribute to the underlying biological components of personality. Although this work has provided some insight into the early origins of personality, we still lack a cohesive developmental account of how personality profiles emerge from infancy into adulthood. We believe the moderating impact of context could shed some light on this complex trajectory. We begin this article reviewing how researchers conceptualize personality today, particularly traits that emerge from the Five Factor Theory (FFT) of personality. From the temperament literature, we review variation in temperamental reactivity and regulation as potential underlying forces of personality development. Finally, we integrate parenting as a developmental context, reviewing empirical findings that highlight its important role in moderating continuity and change from temperament to personality traits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-46
Number of pages10
JournalNew Ideas in Psychology
Volume53
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

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