Stochastic switching of nanomagnets can potentially enable probabilistic cognitive hardware consisting of noisy neural and synaptic components. Furthermore, computational paradigms inspired from the Ising computing model require stochasticity for achieving near-optimality in solutions to various types of combinatorial optimization problems such as the Graph Coloring Problem or the Travelling Salesman Problem. Achieving optimal solutions in such problems are computationally exhaustive and requires natural annealing to arrive at the near-optimal solutions. Stochastic switching of devices also finds use in applications involving Deep Belief Networks and Bayesian Inference. In this article, we provide a multi-disciplinary perspective across the stack of devices, circuits, and algorithms to illustrate how the stochastic switching dynamics of spintronic devices in the presence of thermal noise can provide a direct mapping to the computational units of such probabilistic intelligent systems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)