In two studies (N's = 57 and 115), we demonstrate that type of perspective-taking instruction ("imagine self" vs. "imagine other") differentially affects two motives for helping: self-other overlap and empathic concern. Imagine-self instructions produce greater self-other overlap than imagine-target and objective instructions, while both types of perspective-taking instruction promote empathic concern relative to an objective condition. In Study 2, imagine-self instructions indirectly increased the likelihood of helping via empathic concern and self-other overlap, while imagine-target instructions led indirectly to greater helping only through empathic concern. We discuss how different perspective-taking instructions may implicate different emotional and motivational paths to increasing helping.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Motivation and Emotion|
|State||Published - Apr 2014|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Social Psychology
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology