An Arabidopsis deletion mutant was fortuitously identified from the alpha population of T-DNA insertional mutants generated at the University of Wisconsin Arabidopsis Knockout Facility. Segregation and reciprocal crosses indicated that the mutant was a gametophytic pollen sterile mutant. Pollen carrying the mutation has the unusual phenotype that it is viable, but cannot germinate. Thus, the mutant was named pollen germination defective mutant 1 (pgd1), based on the pollen phenotype. Flanking sequences of the T-DNA insertion in the pgd1 mutant were identified by thermal asymmetric interlaced (TAIL) PCR. Sequencing of bands from TAIL PCR revealed that the T-DNA was linked to the gene XLG1, At2g23460, at its downstream end, while directly upstream of the T-DNA was a region between At2g22830 and At2g22840, which was 65 genes upstream of XLG1. Southern blotting and genomic PCR confirmed that the 65 genes plus part of XLG1 were deleted in the pgd1 mutant. A 9,177 bp genomic sequence containing the XLG1 gene and upstream and downstream intergenic regions could not rescue the pgd1 pollen phenotype. One or more genes from the deleted region were presumably responsible for the pollen germination defect observed in the pgd1 mutant. Because relatively few mutations have been identified that affect pollen germination independent of any effect on pollen viability, this mutant line provides a new tool for identification of genes specifically involved in this phase of the reproductive cycle.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Plant Science
- Cell Biology