pH and salt effects on chiral separations using affinity ultrafiltration

Jonathan Romero, Andrew Zydney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Affinity ultrafiltration can provide stereoselective separations using a large macroligand to selectively bind and retain one of the enantiomers. The detailed binding interactions can be strongly influenced by the solution pH and salt concentration, although there is currently little understanding of the impact of these phenomena on the overall performance of the affinity ultrafiltration process. Experimental studies were performed using a model system with bovine serum albumin as the stereoselective macroligand for the separation of D- and L-tryptophan. Binding data were obtained over a range of pH and ionic strength, with the results used to calculate the yield and purification factor during a diafiltration process using a recently developed model. L-tryptophan binding was greatest between pH 7 and 10, leading to a significant increase in purification within this pH range. Overall system performance, including the trade-offs between purification factor and yield, was examined by constructing purification factor- yield diagrams for the affinity ultrafiltration process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-164
Number of pages6
JournalDesalination
Volume148
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 10 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

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