Transgenic rabbits expressing pore mutants of K V7.1 display a long QT syndrome 1 (LQT1) phenotype. Recently, NS1643 has been described to increase I Kr We hypothesized that NS1643 would shorten the action potential duration (APD 90) in LQT1 rabbits. Transgenic LQT1 rabbits were compared with littermate control (LMC) rabbits. In vivo electrocardiogram studies in sedated animals were performed at baseline and during 45 minutes of intravenous infusion of NS1643 or vehicle in a crossover design. Ex vivo monophasic action potentials were recorded from Langendorff-perfused hearts at baseline and during 45-minute perfusion with NS1643. Left ventricular refractory periods were assessed before and after NS1643 infusion. Genotype differences in APD accommodation were also addressed. In vivo NS1643 shortened the QTc significantly in LQT1 compared with vehicle. In Langendorff experiments, NS1643 significantly shortened the APD 90 in LQT1 and LMC [32.0 ± 4.3 milliseconds (ms); 21.0 ± 5.0 ms] and left ventricular refractory periods (23.7 ± 8.3; 22.6 ± 9.9 ms). NS1643 significantly decreased dp/dt (LQT1: 49% ± 3%; LMC: 63% ± 4%) and increased the incidence of arrhythmia. The time course of APD adaptation was impaired in LQT1 rabbits and unaffected by I Kr augmentation. In conclusion, K V11.1 channel activation shortens the cardiac APD in a rabbit model of inherited LQT1, but it comes with the risk of excessive shortening of APD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine