Phase 2 trial of sunitinib and gemcitabine in patients with sarcomatoid and/or poor-risk metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Michaelson MD, McKay RR, Werner L, Atkins MB, Van Allen EM, Olivier KM, Song J, Signoretti S, McDermott DF, Choueiri TK.Cancer. 2015 Oct 1;121(19):3435-43. [Epub 2015 Jun 8]. doi: 10.1002/cncr.29503.

Raman Jay, R. R. McKay, L. Werner, M. B. Atkins, E. M. Van Allen, K. M. Olivier, J. Song, S. Signoretti, D. F. McDermott, T. K. Choueiri

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

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Abstract

Background Sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is associated with an aggressive biology and a poor prognosis. Poor-risk RCC is defined by clinical prognostic factors and demonstrates similarly aggressive behavior. No standard treatment exists for patients with sarcomatoid RCC, and treatment options for patients with poor-risk disease are of limited benefit. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of antiangiogenic therapy in combination with cytotoxic chemotherapy in clinically aggressive RCC. Methods This was a phase 2, single-arm trial of sunitinib and gemcitabine in patients with sarcomatoid or poor-risk RCC. The primary end point was the objective response rate (ORR). Secondary end points included the time to progression (TTP), overall survival (OS), safety, and biomarker correlatives. Results Overall, 39 patients had sarcomatoid RCC, and 33 had poor-risk RCC. The ORR was 26% for patients with sarcomatoid RCC and 24% for patients with poor-risk RCC. The median TTP and OS for patients with sarcomatoid RCC were 5 and 10 months, respectively. For patients with poor-risk disease, the median TTP and OS were 5.5 and 15 months, respectively. Patients whose tumors had>10% sarcomatoid histology had a higher clinical benefit rate (ORR plus stable disease) than those with≤10% sarcomatoid histology (P = 0.04). The most common grade 3 or higher treatment-related adverse events included neutropenia (n = 20), anemia (n = 10), and fatigue (n = 7). Conclusions These results suggest that antiangiogenic therapy and cytotoxic chemotherapy are an active and well-tolerated combination for patients with aggressive RCC. The combination may be more efficacious than either therapy alone and is currently under further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-118
Number of pages2
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

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gemcitabine
Music
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Neoplasms
Survival
Histology
sunitinib
Therapeutics
Drug Therapy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Urology

Cite this

@article{0de63303a7c6427f95f8124daedff239,
title = "Phase 2 trial of sunitinib and gemcitabine in patients with sarcomatoid and/or poor-risk metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Michaelson MD, McKay RR, Werner L, Atkins MB, Van Allen EM, Olivier KM, Song J, Signoretti S, McDermott DF, Choueiri TK.Cancer. 2015 Oct 1;121(19):3435-43. [Epub 2015 Jun 8]. doi: 10.1002/cncr.29503.",
abstract = "Background Sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is associated with an aggressive biology and a poor prognosis. Poor-risk RCC is defined by clinical prognostic factors and demonstrates similarly aggressive behavior. No standard treatment exists for patients with sarcomatoid RCC, and treatment options for patients with poor-risk disease are of limited benefit. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of antiangiogenic therapy in combination with cytotoxic chemotherapy in clinically aggressive RCC. Methods This was a phase 2, single-arm trial of sunitinib and gemcitabine in patients with sarcomatoid or poor-risk RCC. The primary end point was the objective response rate (ORR). Secondary end points included the time to progression (TTP), overall survival (OS), safety, and biomarker correlatives. Results Overall, 39 patients had sarcomatoid RCC, and 33 had poor-risk RCC. The ORR was 26{\%} for patients with sarcomatoid RCC and 24{\%} for patients with poor-risk RCC. The median TTP and OS for patients with sarcomatoid RCC were 5 and 10 months, respectively. For patients with poor-risk disease, the median TTP and OS were 5.5 and 15 months, respectively. Patients whose tumors had>10{\%} sarcomatoid histology had a higher clinical benefit rate (ORR plus stable disease) than those with≤10{\%} sarcomatoid histology (P = 0.04). The most common grade 3 or higher treatment-related adverse events included neutropenia (n = 20), anemia (n = 10), and fatigue (n = 7). Conclusions These results suggest that antiangiogenic therapy and cytotoxic chemotherapy are an active and well-tolerated combination for patients with aggressive RCC. The combination may be more efficacious than either therapy alone and is currently under further investigation.",
author = "Raman Jay and McKay, {R. R.} and L. Werner and Atkins, {M. B.} and {Van Allen}, {E. M.} and Olivier, {K. M.} and J. Song and S. Signoretti and McDermott, {D. F.} and Choueiri, {T. K.}",
year = "2017",
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doi = "10.1016/j.urolonc.2016.12.023",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "117--118",
journal = "Urologic Oncology",
issn = "1078-1439",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Phase 2 trial of sunitinib and gemcitabine in patients with sarcomatoid and/or poor-risk metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Michaelson MD, McKay RR, Werner L, Atkins MB, Van Allen EM, Olivier KM, Song J, Signoretti S, McDermott DF, Choueiri TK.Cancer. 2015 Oct 1;121(19):3435-43. [Epub 2015 Jun 8]. doi

T2 - 10.1002/cncr.29503.

AU - Jay, Raman

AU - McKay, R. R.

AU - Werner, L.

AU - Atkins, M. B.

AU - Van Allen, E. M.

AU - Olivier, K. M.

AU - Song, J.

AU - Signoretti, S.

AU - McDermott, D. F.

AU - Choueiri, T. K.

PY - 2017/3/1

Y1 - 2017/3/1

N2 - Background Sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is associated with an aggressive biology and a poor prognosis. Poor-risk RCC is defined by clinical prognostic factors and demonstrates similarly aggressive behavior. No standard treatment exists for patients with sarcomatoid RCC, and treatment options for patients with poor-risk disease are of limited benefit. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of antiangiogenic therapy in combination with cytotoxic chemotherapy in clinically aggressive RCC. Methods This was a phase 2, single-arm trial of sunitinib and gemcitabine in patients with sarcomatoid or poor-risk RCC. The primary end point was the objective response rate (ORR). Secondary end points included the time to progression (TTP), overall survival (OS), safety, and biomarker correlatives. Results Overall, 39 patients had sarcomatoid RCC, and 33 had poor-risk RCC. The ORR was 26% for patients with sarcomatoid RCC and 24% for patients with poor-risk RCC. The median TTP and OS for patients with sarcomatoid RCC were 5 and 10 months, respectively. For patients with poor-risk disease, the median TTP and OS were 5.5 and 15 months, respectively. Patients whose tumors had>10% sarcomatoid histology had a higher clinical benefit rate (ORR plus stable disease) than those with≤10% sarcomatoid histology (P = 0.04). The most common grade 3 or higher treatment-related adverse events included neutropenia (n = 20), anemia (n = 10), and fatigue (n = 7). Conclusions These results suggest that antiangiogenic therapy and cytotoxic chemotherapy are an active and well-tolerated combination for patients with aggressive RCC. The combination may be more efficacious than either therapy alone and is currently under further investigation.

AB - Background Sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is associated with an aggressive biology and a poor prognosis. Poor-risk RCC is defined by clinical prognostic factors and demonstrates similarly aggressive behavior. No standard treatment exists for patients with sarcomatoid RCC, and treatment options for patients with poor-risk disease are of limited benefit. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of antiangiogenic therapy in combination with cytotoxic chemotherapy in clinically aggressive RCC. Methods This was a phase 2, single-arm trial of sunitinib and gemcitabine in patients with sarcomatoid or poor-risk RCC. The primary end point was the objective response rate (ORR). Secondary end points included the time to progression (TTP), overall survival (OS), safety, and biomarker correlatives. Results Overall, 39 patients had sarcomatoid RCC, and 33 had poor-risk RCC. The ORR was 26% for patients with sarcomatoid RCC and 24% for patients with poor-risk RCC. The median TTP and OS for patients with sarcomatoid RCC were 5 and 10 months, respectively. For patients with poor-risk disease, the median TTP and OS were 5.5 and 15 months, respectively. Patients whose tumors had>10% sarcomatoid histology had a higher clinical benefit rate (ORR plus stable disease) than those with≤10% sarcomatoid histology (P = 0.04). The most common grade 3 or higher treatment-related adverse events included neutropenia (n = 20), anemia (n = 10), and fatigue (n = 7). Conclusions These results suggest that antiangiogenic therapy and cytotoxic chemotherapy are an active and well-tolerated combination for patients with aggressive RCC. The combination may be more efficacious than either therapy alone and is currently under further investigation.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.urolonc.2016.12.023

DO - 10.1016/j.urolonc.2016.12.023

M3 - Short survey

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AN - SCOPUS:85011086276

VL - 35

SP - 117

EP - 118

JO - Urologic Oncology

JF - Urologic Oncology

SN - 1078-1439

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