Phase behavior of the ι-Carrageenan/Maltodextrin/water system at different potassium chloride concentrations and temperatures

Xiaoyong Wang, Gregory R. Ziegler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Equilibrium phase diagrams of the ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin/water system have been established at potassium chloride (KCl) concentrations of 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 M and 80, 85 and 90°C. All pseudo-binary phase diagrams of ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin mixtures suggested classic segregative phase separation. The binodal was heavily skewed toward the maltodextrin axis. The high asymmetry of the ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin/water phase diagram determined by the phase-volume-ratio method was consistent with the compositional analysis of phase-separated ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin samples and can be explained in terms of the Flory-Huggins interaction parameter, reflecting a higher water-binding ability of the charged ι-carrageenan than neutral maltodextrin. Increasing the concentration of ι-carrageenan-gel-promoting KCl from 0.1 to 0.3 M at 80°C enlarged the two-phase domain, whereas increasing temperature from 80 to 90°C at 0.3 M KCl enhanced biopolymer compatibility. The effects of salt concentration and temperature have been related to the differences in the Flory-Huggins interaction parameters of the two biopolymers with water as well as the helix formation of ι-carrageenan in the presence of KCl through the changes in the slopes of tie lines of phase-separated samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-125
Number of pages7
JournalFood Biophysics
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009

Fingerprint

Potassium Chloride
maltodextrins
Carrageenan
potassium chloride
carrageenan
Phase behavior
Potassium
Phase diagrams
Temperature
Water
Biopolymers
temperature
water
biopolymers
carrageenan gels
Phase separation
Gels
binding capacity
Salts
salt concentration

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Food Science
  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

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abstract = "Equilibrium phase diagrams of the ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin/water system have been established at potassium chloride (KCl) concentrations of 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 M and 80, 85 and 90°C. All pseudo-binary phase diagrams of ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin mixtures suggested classic segregative phase separation. The binodal was heavily skewed toward the maltodextrin axis. The high asymmetry of the ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin/water phase diagram determined by the phase-volume-ratio method was consistent with the compositional analysis of phase-separated ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin samples and can be explained in terms of the Flory-Huggins interaction parameter, reflecting a higher water-binding ability of the charged ι-carrageenan than neutral maltodextrin. Increasing the concentration of ι-carrageenan-gel-promoting KCl from 0.1 to 0.3 M at 80°C enlarged the two-phase domain, whereas increasing temperature from 80 to 90°C at 0.3 M KCl enhanced biopolymer compatibility. The effects of salt concentration and temperature have been related to the differences in the Flory-Huggins interaction parameters of the two biopolymers with water as well as the helix formation of ι-carrageenan in the presence of KCl through the changes in the slopes of tie lines of phase-separated samples.",
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Phase behavior of the ι-Carrageenan/Maltodextrin/water system at different potassium chloride concentrations and temperatures. / Wang, Xiaoyong; Ziegler, Gregory R.

In: Food Biophysics, Vol. 4, No. 2, 01.06.2009, p. 119-125.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Ziegler, Gregory R.

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N2 - Equilibrium phase diagrams of the ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin/water system have been established at potassium chloride (KCl) concentrations of 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 M and 80, 85 and 90°C. All pseudo-binary phase diagrams of ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin mixtures suggested classic segregative phase separation. The binodal was heavily skewed toward the maltodextrin axis. The high asymmetry of the ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin/water phase diagram determined by the phase-volume-ratio method was consistent with the compositional analysis of phase-separated ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin samples and can be explained in terms of the Flory-Huggins interaction parameter, reflecting a higher water-binding ability of the charged ι-carrageenan than neutral maltodextrin. Increasing the concentration of ι-carrageenan-gel-promoting KCl from 0.1 to 0.3 M at 80°C enlarged the two-phase domain, whereas increasing temperature from 80 to 90°C at 0.3 M KCl enhanced biopolymer compatibility. The effects of salt concentration and temperature have been related to the differences in the Flory-Huggins interaction parameters of the two biopolymers with water as well as the helix formation of ι-carrageenan in the presence of KCl through the changes in the slopes of tie lines of phase-separated samples.

AB - Equilibrium phase diagrams of the ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin/water system have been established at potassium chloride (KCl) concentrations of 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 M and 80, 85 and 90°C. All pseudo-binary phase diagrams of ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin mixtures suggested classic segregative phase separation. The binodal was heavily skewed toward the maltodextrin axis. The high asymmetry of the ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin/water phase diagram determined by the phase-volume-ratio method was consistent with the compositional analysis of phase-separated ι-carrageenan/maltodextrin samples and can be explained in terms of the Flory-Huggins interaction parameter, reflecting a higher water-binding ability of the charged ι-carrageenan than neutral maltodextrin. Increasing the concentration of ι-carrageenan-gel-promoting KCl from 0.1 to 0.3 M at 80°C enlarged the two-phase domain, whereas increasing temperature from 80 to 90°C at 0.3 M KCl enhanced biopolymer compatibility. The effects of salt concentration and temperature have been related to the differences in the Flory-Huggins interaction parameters of the two biopolymers with water as well as the helix formation of ι-carrageenan in the presence of KCl through the changes in the slopes of tie lines of phase-separated samples.

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