A phase-field model for describing three-phase electrode microstructure (i.e., electrode-phase, electrolyte-phase, and pore-phase) in solid oxide fuel cells is proposed using the diffuse-interface theory. Conserved composition and non-conserved grain orientation order parameters are simultaneously used to describe the coupled phase coarsening and grain growth in the three-phase electrode. The microstructural evolution simulated by the phase-field approach demonstrates the significant dependence of morphological microstructure and output statistic material features on the prescribed kinetic parameters and three-phase volume fractions. The triple-phase boundary fraction is found to have a major degradation in the early evolution.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)