Background: Veliparib (ABT-888) is an oral PARP inhibitor expected to increase gemcitabine activity. This phase I determined the maximal tolerable dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), antitumor activity, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD) of veliparib combined with gemcitabine. Methods: Patients with advanced solid tumors received veliparib (10–40-mg PO BID) on chemotherapy weeks with gemcitabine 500–750-mg/m2 IV on days 1, 8, and 15 (28-day cycle), or on days 1 and 8 (21-day cycle). The MTD, DLT, adverse events, PK, and PD were evaluated. Results: Eleven patients were enrolled on the 28-day schedule. The 28-day schedule was considered intolerable and amended to a 21-day schedule, with 20 patients enrolled. Grade ≥ 3 adverse events were myelosuppression-related. The MTD was determined to be 750-mg/m2 gemcitabine IV on days 1 and 8- and 20-mg PO veliparib BID days 1–14 on a 21-day schedule. Of 27 patients evaluable for response, 3 had PR and 15 had SD. There was no evidence of any major drug–drug interaction, and PK parameter values for veliparib, gemcitabine, and dFdU were as expected. Analysis of PBMCs showed evidence of PARP inhibition and DNA damage associated with therapy. Conclusions: Gemcitabine at 750-mg/m2 IV on days 1 and 8 combined with veliparib at a dose of 20-mg PO BID days 1–14 on a 21-day schedule is relatively well-tolerated, with manageable, expected toxicities. Clinical responses were observed in a pretreated population of patients, suggesting that this combination should be further evaluated in the phase II setting.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research
- Pharmacology (medical)