Purpose: Capecitabine in combination with docetaxel given every 3 weeks has shown a high degree of activity in a number of tumor types, but at the expense of significant toxicity. To improve the therapeutic index, we evaluated a weekly regimen of docetaxel in combination with capecitabine, and determined the maximum tolerated dose, toxicities and pharmacokinetics of this combination. Patients and methods: Patients with advanced solid malignancies were treated with docetaxel on days 1 and 8, and capecitabine, twice daily on days 1-14, of an every-21-day cycle. Pharmacokinetics of docetaxel were assessed on days 1 and 8 of the first cycle of chemotherapy. Results: Enrolled in the study were 25 patients. The most frequent toxicities were asthenia, hand-foot syndrome and mucositis. Inability to deliver at least 75% of the planned doses of both drugs during the first two cycles of chemotherapy was noted at dose levels 2, 3 and 4. Dose level 1 (docetaxel 30 mg/m2 and capecitabine 825 mg/m 2 twice daily) is the recommended dose for phase II studies. Five patients experienced a partial response, and eight patients had stabilization of disease. Coadministration of capecitabine did not alter the pharmacokinetics of docetaxel. Conclusion: The regimen consisting of docetaxel 30 mg/m2 (days 1, 8) and capecitabine 825 mg/m2 twice daily (days 1-14) was well tolerated. Capecitabine did not alter pharmacokinetics of docetaxel. Further testing of this regimen in tumor-specific trials, especially gastric, lung and breast cancer, is warranted.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research
- Pharmacology (medical)