The phase space of general relativity is considered in the asymptotically flat context. Using spinorial techniques introduced by Witten, a prescription is given to transport rigidly the space-time translations at infinity to the interior of the (spatial) three-manifold. This yields a preferred four-parameter family of lapses and shifts and hence reduces the infinite-dimensional freedom in the choice of "time" to the restricted freedom available in special relativity. The corresponding Hamiltonians are computed and are shown to have an especially simple form: the Hamiltonians are "diagonal" in the (spatial) derivatives of variables which define "time." Furthermore, the Hamiltonians (generating timelike translations) are shown to be positive in a neighborhood of the constraint submanifold of the phase space, even at points at which the ADM energy is negative.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics