Refractory high-entropy alloys (HEAs) have potential to be high temperature structural materials, but poor ductility and phase stability have been remaining the key issues for their application. In this paper, the phase compositions, phase stability and mechanical properties of Alx(HfNbTiZr)100-x (x = 0, 3, 5, 7, 10 and 12 in atomic percent) HEAs have been systematically studied. It has been shown that after cold-worked and heat-treated at 1273 K for 0.5 h, all the HEAs formed a single solid solution (SS) phase with BCC structure. For the HEAs with more than 7% Al, a (Al, Zr)-rich phase with hexagonal structure was precipitated when aged at 873 K. The yield strength increases linearly with the content of Al for the SS treated HEAs. Typically, Al5(HfNbTiZr)95 exhibits the fracture strength and elongation of 915.2 MPa and 31.5%, respectively, resulting in the product of strength and elongation up to 28828 MPa%, which is comparable to that of FCC HEAs with excellent ductility. The strengthening mechanism for these HEAs has been discussed based on the solid solution strengthening effects. Atomic size effect and electron concentration are considered to attribute to the rapid solid solution strengthening. And dislocation substructure evolution was also evaluated for current HEAs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering