Phase Transitions and Phonon Mode Dynamics of Ba(Cu1/3Nb2/3)O3and Sr(Cu1/3Nb2/3)O3for Understanding Thermoelectric Response

Myung Eun Song, Deepam Maurya, Yifei Wang, Jue Wang, Min Gyu Kang, David Walker, Pam A. Thomas, Scott T. Huxtable, Robert J. Bodnar, N. Q. Vinh, Shashank Priya

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We report electrical and thermal properties of perovskite-type Ba(Cu1/3Nb2/3)O3 (BCN) and Sr(Cu1/3Nb2/3)O3 (SCN). The BCN and SCN ceramics were synthesized by using the conventional solid state (CS) reaction method. The transmission electron microscopy analysis exhibited needle- and comb-type domain structures in BCN. Interestingly, SCN did not exhibit domain structure; however, it exhibited superlattice reflections due to ordering that were quite prominent in the selected area electron diffraction patterns. The temperature dependence of the dielectric response for BCN and SCN systems exhibits peaks due to structural phase transitions. The change in the Raman modes with increasing temperature also indicated the presence of phase transition in the temperature range 300-400 °C. BCN exhibited a lower value of the thermal conductivity (1.6 W/m·K at 600 °C) as compared to that of SCN (2.1 W/m·K at 600 °C) because of multiple phonon modes as identified through terahertz frequency domain spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3939-3945
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 27 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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